James Connolly
(1868-1916)

Died aged c. 48

James Connolly (Irish: Séamas Ó Conghaile; 5 June 1868 – 12 May 1916) was an Irish republican and socialist leader, aligned to syndicalism and the Industrial Workers of the World. He was born in the Cowgate area of Edinburgh, Scotland, to Irish-born parents. He left school for working life at the age of 11, but became one of the leading Marxist theorists of his day. He also took a role in Scottish and American politics. He was executed by a British firing squad because of his leadership role in the Easter Rising of 1916.

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Commemorated on 2 plaques

Richard Webb on Geograph
James Connolly

To the memory of James Connolly born 5th June 1868 at 107 Cowgate renowned international trade union and working class leader founder of Irish Socialist Republican Party member of provisional government of Irish Republic executed 12th May 1916 at Kilmainham Jail Dublin

George IV Bridge arch, Cowgate, Edinburgh, United Kingdom where they was born (1868)

James Connolly [full inscription unknown]

420 Falls Road, BT12 6EN, Belfast, United Kingdom where they lived (1907-1910)