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Fredericksburg, TX (unphotographed)

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Klingelhoeffer House. #17349

701 W. Main St., Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#17349 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Jacob Neffendorf. JACOB NEFFENDORF BORN IN REDERT, NASSAU, GERMANY, JACOB NEFFENDORF (1822-1910) CAME TO TEXAS IN 1845 ABOARD THE BARQUE NEPTUNE. HE WAS IN THE GROUP WHO SURVEYED THE FREDERICKSBURG TOWNSITE AND ALSO HELPED MOVE FAMILIES HERE FROM NEW BRAUNFELS IN 1846. SETTLERS RECEIVED A 100 BY 200 FOOT TOWN LOT AND A 10-ACRE OUTLOT FOR FARMING. NEFFENDORF BUILT A LOG CABIN ON HIS TOWN LOT ON CREEK STREET AND LIVED THERE WHILE CLEARING HIS OUTLOT NEAR THE KREUZBERG (CROSS MOUNTAIN). HE BOUGHT NEARBY OUTLOTS UNTIL ACCUMULATING MORE THAN 200 ACRES IN THIS VICINITY. JACOB MARRIED KATHERINA DIETZ (1828-1904) IN AUGUST 1850; THE COUPLE RAISED EIGHT CHILDREN IN THEIR HOME NEAR THIS SITE. JACOB SERVED AS GILLESPIE COUNTY TREASURER IN 1874-76. (2010) #16503

1219 Spotted Fawn Trail, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#16503 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Old St. Mary's Catholic Church (Die Alte Kirche) St. Mary's Parish dates to 1846 with the arrival of German settlers in Fredercksburg. Construction of this building, which replaced an earlier log structure, was completed in 1863 during the pastorate of the Rev. Peter Baunach. It served as the parish church until a larger building was constructed in 1906, after which it served a variety of purposes., including a schoolhouse. The fine Gothic features of Old St. Mary's are exhibited in its distinctive steeple, pointed-arch windows, and stone buttresses. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark-1994 #15401

300 W. San Antonio St., Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#15401 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Walter-Jenschke Sunday House. #15200

406 W. Travis St., Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#15200 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Pioneer Store & Home. #14969

309 W. Main, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#14969 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Frank Van Der Stucken Birthplace. #14946

123 E. Main, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#14946 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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St. Mary's Catholic Church Rapid membership growth during the late 19th century prompted St. Mary's Church to complete plans for a new sanctuary in 1901. This Gothic-inspired native stone structure was designed by prominent San Antonio architect Leo M. Dielmann and built by contractor Jacob Wagner in 1906. It features an asymmetrical front facade with a dominant corner tower and spire containing three bells transferred from the nearby 1863 sanctuary. Commemorative stained glass windows were installed in 1906 and 1914-1917; altar windows portray Wagner's daughter and the son of an early parishioner. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark-1995 #14697

304 W. San Antonio, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#14697 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Our Lady of Guadalupe Catholic Church. #14535

302 E. College St., Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#14535 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Moseley Log Cabin. #14225

307 W. Schubert Street, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#14225 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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St. Paul Lutheran Cemetery. In November 1883, residents of the North Grape Creek community, later known as Cave Creek, formed a German Lutheran congregation, which they named St. Paulus Evangelische Gemeinde an Nord Grape Creek. Conrad Herbort gave land for a sanctuary, cemetery and parsonage. The first burial in the cemetery dates to March 1884, and grave markers feature German inscriptions and ornate ironwork. Church members continue to use the cemetery, which remains a link to the many individuals and families who have contributed over the years to the church and community. Historic Texas Cemetery - 2004 #13316

?, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#13316 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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J. W. and Ruth Baines House. J.W. and Ruth Baines House Joseph W. and Ruth (Huffman) Baines, maternal grandparents of President Lyndon Baines Johnson, built their home here in 1904, following Joseph's service in the Civil War and a career as a journalist, Texas Secretary of State, legislator and attorney. The couple used prefabricated cement blocks, made locally by Hugo and Henry Basse, and known as Basse Blocks, on the exterior of the home. Other features include a gabled dormer with paired windows above the entryway, jigsawn fretwork and turned columns. The widowed Ruth sold the home in 1907, the same year daughter Rebekah wed Sam Johnson. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 2002 #12975

112 W. College Street, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#12975 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Wahrmund-Priess House. The larger of the two houses on this property is original to the site and dates to the period of settlement by German immigrants in this part of Texas. Johann Christian Wahrmund brought his family to Texas in 1846 and by 1851 they were living on this tract of land along Bear Creek. The original portion of the stone house was built between 1852 and 1866. Prussian immigrant Johann Priess bought the house from the Wahrmunds in 1866, and his family enlarged it during the 1870s and 1880s. The house remained under Priess ownership until 1931. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 2001 #12488

575 Buckeye Rd., Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#12488 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Kuenemann House. Frederick Kuenemann and his family sailed from Bremen, Germany in September 1845. Once in Texas they faced great hardship, walking epidemic-crowded roads to New Braunfels, suffering the death of one daughter on the way and arriving in newly settled Fredericksburg in 1846. In 1866 Kuenemann bought the 'fachwerk" or "half-timbered" dwelling which comprises the ground floor of the house. Probably built in 1847 by Heinrich Schupp, the frame of heavy timbers and diagonal bracing filled with fieldstone is a classic example of European medieval building method. In 1875 the eldest Kuenemann son, Heinrich, was given the home and three adjoining town lots. The family business complex came to include furniture shops adjacent to the main house, a large lumberyard across the street, and a hardware store on Main Street. By the 1880s a kitchen, second floor with double gallery, and Victorian gingerbread trim had been added to the main house. The evolution of the Kuenemann house from typical early settler's cottage to affluent Victorian grandeur is a classic Texas story like that of the family itself. The last Kuenemann left the house in 1929; it was then used as a nursing home and private residence. (1998) #11893

413 W. Creek St., Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#11893 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Philipp Hartmann Family Cemetery. Philipp Hartmann and Elisabeth Crenwelge were married in their homeland of Bruchweiler, Prussia in 1853. They and their two children immigrated to Texas in 1855, arriving at the Port of Galveston. They settled in the Live Oak area near Fredericksburg, where Philipp became a farmer and butcher. Nine more children were born to the family; the four who died in infancy and early childhood are a testament to the hard conditions of 19th century life. The family established this cemetery 100 yards north of their homestead in 1859. Elisabeth died in 1877 and Philipp remarried the following year. His new wife, Rosina Hildebrand, bore four children; two died young. Philipp died in 1911 and Rosina died in 1913, leaving a large and prosperous family. The Hartmann Cemetery remains a fine example of a German immigrant family graveyard. (1999) #11892

?, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#11892 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Site of Zodiac. A Mormon settlement. Established in 1847 by 150 Mormons under the leadership of Lyman Wight (1796-1858). Abandoned in 1851 after floods destroyed their mill. #10133

?, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10133 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Zion Evangelical Lutheran Church. Built 1852 by congregation, hewing wood by hand; quarrying native limestone; Swiss missionary pastor serving as night foreman at lime kiln. Texas Hill Country's oldest Lutheran church. Still is enclosed in original walls. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1964 #10132

424 W. Main St., Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10132 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Wunderlich Houses. When Adolph Wunderlich (d. 1935) married Martha Schumann (d. 1956) in 1883. He built the smaller of these two homes, combining log and stone construction. The family soon outgrew the first dwelling, and Adolph built the larger house of limestone blocks in 1892. On this farm, he raised cotton, corn, sugarcane for molasses and grapes for wine. The five Wunderlich children attended Live Oak School, 2.5 miles away, where classes were taught in German. The Wunderlich family owned this property until 1956. #10131

?, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10131 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Welgenhausen Ranch. German immigrants Friedrich Welgenhausen and his wife Juliane built a one-room log cabin here in the 1850s. After their son Conrad and his wife Margaretha (Walter) acquired the property in 1873, they enclosed the cabin within their two-story limestone house. Other early structures here include the barn, built originally as a rock and log house, and a two-story log cabin, which serves as a guest house. The Welgenhausen family owned the property until 1975. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1983 #10130

?, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10130 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Weber "Das Keller Haus". This simple, one-room limestone outbuilding was constructed in 1903 by stonemason Emil Weber. He built the structure, which sat over a cellar, for storing vegetables, bacon, sausage, and wine. One of Weber's sons, Werner E. Weber (d. 1974), a woodcarver, used the building for his workshop. He designed altars and religious pieces for many area churches, and also carved a lectern on display in the National Cathedral at Washington, D. C. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1982 #10129

110 N. Cherry St., Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10129 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Emil Weber House. Stonemason Emil Weber built this late Victorian residence in 1902 with the help of local craftsmen. Constructed of hand-hewn limestone and Texas yellow pine, and featuring 12-inch ceilings, it was designed as a wedding gift for his future bride Matilda Pauling Cehler. Notes in Weber's account book show that the house cost $1,338 to build. Members of the Weber family continued to reside here until 1961. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1982 #10128

110 N. Cherry St., Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10128 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Walch Home. In 1845 Johan (John) Joseph Walch (1828-1914) migrated to Texas from Germany. In 1847 he settled in Fredericksburg, where he worked as a stonemason. Before Walch married Wilhelmine Gaertner in 1851, he erected a two-room limestone house on this lot. He also built a rock barn, which he later enlarged by adding a second story. One of the Walches' eleven children, Felix, remodeled the barn for use as a residence in 1904. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1978 #10127

412 E. Austin St., Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10127 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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William Wahrmund House. Gillespie County Judge in 1852-62, 1864, and 1876-90, William Wahrmund (1824-90) hired local stonemasons H. Hennersdorf and Louis Schmidt to build this residence near his own home and store in 1875. Over a period of years, the house was occupied by three of Wahrmund's sons, William L., Otto, and Henry, and by several grandchildren. Victorian porch detailing decorates the native limestone structure, restored in 1976 by Hill Country Savings and Loan Association. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1977 #10125

206 W. Main St., Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10125 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Vogel Sunday House. In the 1880s German immigrant Christian Vogel (1824-1889) built the left half of this structure to house his family while in town for Saturday trading and Sunday church services. His son Amandus (1854-1898) and daughter-in-law Elizabeth (Weber) (1857-1944) added the right half and covered it with pressed tin at the turn of the century. It was used as a Sunday House by Elizabeth until her death and remained in the family until 1947. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1982 #10124

418 West Austin, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10124 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Vereins Kirche. Church for all denominations, school and community hall. Built, summer 1847, after the Comanche peace treaty made by John O. Meusebach, Commissioner, German Emigration Company. Located in Main street between Courthouse and Market Square of early Fredericksburg. Razed after the celebration of fiftieth anniversary of the arrival of first settlers, 1896. Replica, first used as museum and library, constructed 1934-35. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1967 #10123

?, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10123 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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John Peter Tatsch Home, 1856. Built by Tatsch (1822-1907), using local stone. A cabinet-maker and turner, did woodwork himself. At first floored only front rooms, using wide boards. North front room had the only fireplace. Rear gallery kitchen, fireplace and oven were added later. Tatsch, from Germany, during Civil War was a Minute Man. Wife was Maria Elizabeth (1828-1885). Children: Elizabeth, Sophie, Caroline, Wilhelmina, Richard. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1965 #10121

210 N. Bowie St., Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10121 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Felix Van Der Stucken Home. The original one-story section of this residence was constructed by Felix Van Der Stucken (1833-1912) soon after he purchased the site in 1864. The two-story addition was completed later. A native of Belgium, Van Der Stucken operated a nearby steam-powered mill, later known as Reliance Roller Mills. Built of native limestone, his home features characteristics of the Victorian and Greek revival styles. It was purchased in 1940 by Alfred and Frieda Hennig. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1981 #10120

114 W. Austin St., Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10120 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Sunday Houses. Small townhouse built by German settlers who lived in distant rural areas. Used over weekends by families while they traded or attended church. A typical early Sunday House had one room with a lean-to kitchen and a half story above, which was reached by outside stairway or ladder. Built during 1890s-1920s, most Sunday Houses were frame but some were rock. Homes found use during school sessions, periods of religious instruction or serious illness. Some of the larger ones made comfortable retirement homes for elderly German farmers. #10119

315 West Main, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10119 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Edward and Minnie Stein House. Edward Stein (1890-1978), expert craftsman, prominent local banker, and architect of many important structures in Fredericksburg, designed and built this house in 1923 for himself and his wife, Minnie. an excellent example of a 1920s bungalow, it features elements of the craftsman design including wide overhanging eaves and brackets, intersecting gables, and finely articulated walls and porches. The house remained in the Stein family until 1978. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1994 #10118

101 E. Hackberry, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10118 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Texas Ranger General E. Kirby Smith, C.S.A.. (1824-1893) Born in Florida. Graduated from West Point. Fought in Mexican War. On the Texas frontier in the 1850s, commanded Camps Belknap, Cooper and Colorado. In 1860 and many years afterwards was a partner of J. M. Hunter of Fredericksburg in a Texas ranch. Resigned from U. S. Army, 1861, to serve Confederacy. Was appointed 1863, to command all the area west of the Mississippi. At that time Federals held the river, all of Missouri, much of Arkansas, Louisiana and Indian Territory, and were trying to take Texas and her supplies of food, cotton and horses. The Trans-Mississippi Dept. had many problems. The French under Maximilian were approaching from Mexico. Indians and bandits constantly raided frontiers. Freighters and blockade runners had to be employed for exporting cotton-- the only product the South had for trading to get guns, ammunition and goods. Texas was chief source of the cotton Gen. Smith used for financing his army. It was place of safety to which he sent his wife and children. It gave him ovations as he went to Mexico after the war ended. Young Texans studied, 1875-1893, in his mathematics classes at the University of the South, Sewanee, Tenn. #10116

?, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10116 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Schwarz Building. This limestone commercial building was constructed in 1907 by Charles Schwarz, a prominent early merchant of the area, and his wife Mary. Located on the site of the Louis Dietz home, it included ground floor space for Schwarz' General Merchandise and Dry Goods store and second floor living quarters for his family. The building later housed a variety of businesses and also provided meeting space for local youth groups and a veterans' organization. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1981 #10115

216 W. Main St., Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10115 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Schneider-Klingelhoefer House. Built about 1870 for watchmaker and stonemason Ludwig Schneider, this home features German fachwerk construction. Owned by builder Louis Preiss from 1883 to 1890, it was acquired in 1924 by banker Arthur Klingehoefer, who lived here from 1925 until his death. Prominent features of the home, which remained in the Klingelhoefer family until 1976, include an unusual porch roof parapet, gable-end chimneys, and a decorative wood balustrade. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1988 #10114

714 Main St., Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10114 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Oliver and William Schneider Building. -- #10113

123-25 E. Main St., Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10113 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Schmidt-Gold House. This home was built in the 1860s by german stonemason Lorenz Schmidt, a pioneer settler in the Adelsverein colony and builder of many early structures, including the Vereins Kirche. Originally a story-and-a-half, the house was enlarged to two floors in 1902 by Jacob Gold, Sr., a local business leader and founder of Rheingold community in eastern Gillespie County. The home's materials and design reflect influences of the early German settlers. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1981 #10112

106 S. Lincoln, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10112 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Schmidt-Dietz Building. Ludwig Schmidt constructed this two-story stone building in the 1860s for use as a hotel. In the early 1890s it was leased to Louis Dietz, who ran the business as the Central Hotel and later as the Dietz Hotel. His home east of the structure provided space for the hotel kitchen and dining room. Merchant Charles Schwarz bought the property in 1899 and opened a store here. the building has also housed a saloon, doctors' and lawyers' offices, and a drugstore. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1981 #10111

218 W. Main St., Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10111 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Pioneer Schandua House. Built before 1880, this house was purchased by John Schandua, a local merchant, shortly after his marriage to Bertha (Klein) in 1883. The front room, called "die stube," served as a bedroom and living area. the back room was used as a bedroom for their children. gingerbread work accents the posts on the front porch. The residence was used for a short time as a Sunday School building for the Bethany Lutheran Church. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1979 #10110

111 E. Austin, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10110 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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The Schandua Building. Erected in 1897 of hand-hewn limestone, this structure was the home of John (d. 1900) and Bertha (Klein) Schandua (d. 1943). They lived upstairs with their children and John's hardware store was downstairs. For a time, the Masonic Lodge met upstairs in exchange for some construction costs. After John died his brother Henry married Bertha. Enlarged the building, and continued the hardware business on the first floor. Hardware businesses were operated here until 1972. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1979 #10109

205 E. Main St., Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10109 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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St. Paul Lutheran Church. Oldest rural Lutheran church in Gillespie County. The Rev. M. Haag served as first pastor. Charter members numbered 17. A frame building with walls of rough boxing planks was dedicated June 22, 1884. Size: 25 x 30 feet with a 40-foot tower. Cost: $600. In 1890 building was enlarged, interior finished, beaded ceiling installed. Altar niche was added, interior finished with sheet rock and exterior covered with tin in 1928-29. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1969 #10107

?, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10107 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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St. John's Lutheran Church. Pioneer families of Crabapple organized this church in the 1880s. Members met in a school building before erecting this sanctuary in 1897. Elder Julius Rusche supervised the design, carpentry, and native limestone masonry construction. An excellent example of vernacular architecture with slight Gothic influences, it features a massive stone foundation, double door entry, and 4/4 wood windows with stone lintels and sills. Services were discontinued in 1962. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1994 #10106

?, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10106 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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St. Barnabas Episcopal Church. Originally one of earliest homes in Fredericksburg. built by German settler Peter Walter. Walter built log cabin on lot, then began permanent home of fachwerk construction, 1846. He owned and farmed surrounding land while plying his trade of wagoner to Fort McKavett. House was bought by parish formed in 1952. Restored as a mission, it was consecrated by Bishop Everett H. Jones on St. Barnabas Day, dec. 16, 1954. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1962 #10105

?, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10105 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Diedrich Rode Complex. This group of buildings was constructed by german native Diedrich Rode (1828-1905). The three-story limestone residence was completed in 1880 and featured a third floor storage area for wool and cotton produced on the land. A Lutheran, Rode served as an early minister and held services in the Betkapelle, a prayer chapel on the east side of the second floor. In addition to his ranching, he also taught school. A landmark in the Cherry Spring community, the homesite was sold to Willie Kothe in 1929. It has remained in his family for over 50 years. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1989 #10104

?, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10104 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Little Rock House. Constructed shortly after Civil War on townlot grant of German Emigration Co. Bought in 1868 by Heinrich Ochs, pioneer school teacher. Owned by family 61 years. Has been home and store with floor plan virtually unchanged since erection. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1965 #10103

215B W. Main St., Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10103 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Riley-Enderlin House. This simply designed vernacular home was built in 1909 by Franz Stein for Emil H. and Bertha Riley. In 1912 the home was purchased by Charles Enderlin, Sr. (1846-1931) and remained in the Enderlin family for over seventy years. A German immigrant and Civil War veteran, Enderlin modified the home soon after he bought it to accommodate his large family. Features of the house include its side-gabled roof, shed roof front porch, and two front doors. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1987 #10102

606 N. Adams, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10102 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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D. C. Riley House. Four generations have lived in this house built in early 1870s by Crabapple community pioneer David Crockett Riley (1840-1900). Stone for 24" outer walls and 18" partitions came from a hill a mile north; timbers were hand-hewn from farm trees; milled lumber hauled from Austin (90 mi. SE). With a purchased lock for model, rest of door locks were made in farm shop. Workmen were paid 50 cents and a pint of Crockett Riley's whiskey (home-distilled) for a day's work. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1972 #10101

?, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10101 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Ressmann-Boos House. An evolution of pioneer building methods is evident in thishome. The earliest part, built about 1845, is of fachwerk construction typical in early German houses. Later additions were of log and clapboard frame construction. Early area settlers Christian and Katharina Ressmann purchased the home in 1866 and in 1946 members of their family sold it to Hilmar and Christine Boos. The house remained in the Boos family until the 1970s. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1983 #10100

511 E. Main St., Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10100 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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The William Rausch House. Gillespie County native William Rausch (1884-1939) and his wife, Olga (d. 1943), bought this property in 1894. They lived in an existing house until 1906, when they built this home. A stonemason and carpenter by trade, Rausch probably did much of the construction himself. The German vernacular limestone structure features a central gable with jig-cut decorative trim. the home remained in the Rausch family until 1943. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1985 #10099

107 S. Lincoln, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10099 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Rausch Ranch Home. In 1856 Nicolaus Gerhard (1810-1894), a German immigrant, bought this land, where he lived with his son Michael in a log cabin. In 1866 Nicolaus had local German stonemasons build this house, using rocks found in a nearby pasture. Michael Gerhard sold the home in 1904 to skilled stonemason Robert Rausch and his wife Bertha. The house served as headquarters for the Rausch family ranch until 1976, when the property was sold. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1983 Incise on base: Purchased and restored by Ronald and Karen Herrmann #10098

?, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10098 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Pinta Trail. Origin of the Pinta Trail is attributed to nomadic Plains Indian tribes. Early Spanish and Mexican expeditions followed the general route of the trail, which extended from San Antonio de Bexar to the San saba River near present Menard. A survey by German immigrants in 1845 provided a wagon road over part of the trail, and, after the discovery of gold in California in 1849, the trail was utilized by U.S. Military companies seeking to open new routes to the western states. Use of the trail declined with the advent of railroads in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Texas Sesquicentennial 1836 - 1986 #10096

?, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10096 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Pedernales Rural School. The Pedernales community, established here by German immigrant farmers in the 1840s, was joined with the Live Oak community to form a school district in 1854. Sometime prior to 1875 a native stone schoolhouse was built at this site. State funds and tuition supported the 1-teacher, 7-grade school. Picnics on "schulpruefung" (final exam day), plays, Christmas programs, and music practices became traditional activities at the school. Falling student enrollment during World War II led to the school's closing in 1945. The school building was converted to residential use in the 1980s. #10095

?, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10095 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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The Patton Home. Pioneer Fredericksburg business leader Albert Lee Patton (1851-1934) and his wife Emma (Wahrmund) (d. 1927) built the original four-room section of this limestone home shortly after they purchased the property in 1876. Alterations to the structure, completed in the late 1880s, included the addition of the three-window front bay. Later inherited by a daughter, Emma (Patton) Detjen, the residence remained in the Patton family until 1978. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1980 #10094

107 N. Orange St., Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10094 of the Texas Historical Marker series
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Albert Lee Patton Building. Missouri native Albert Lee Patton (1851-1934), trained as a tinsmith, moved to Fredericksburg in the early 1870s. In 1897 he constructed this two-story native limestone building adjacent to the east side of his general mercantile and hardware store. The ground floor housed the Citizens Bank until it closed in 1932 and the second floor area was used as a residence by Patton, his wife Emma (Wahrmund), and their five children. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1980 #10093

232 W. Main, Fredericksburg, TX, United States
#10093 of the Texas Historical Marker series

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