Nikolaus Otto

Died aged c. 59

Nikolaus August Otto (14 June 1832, Holzhausen an der Haide, Nassau – 26 January 1891, Cologne) was the German engineer who developed the successful compressed charge internal combustion engine which ran on petroleum gas and led to the modern internal combustion engine. The VDI (Association of German Engineers) created DIN standard 1940 which says "Otto Engine: internal combustion engine in which the compressed fuel-air mixture is initiated by a timed spark ignition" which has been applied to all engines of this type since.

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Commemorated on 1 plaque

Brian Cooper on Flickr

Nikolaus August Otto Father Of The Internal Combustion Engine 1832 - 1891. The Otto Engine first built in 1876 in the still existing engine factory at Cologne-Deutz initiated the advance of the internal combustion engine over the world

Museum Of Science & Industry, Liverpool Rd, Castlefield, M3 4FP, Manchester, United Kingdom where they designed