John the Fearless

Duke of Burgundy (from 1404)

Died aged 48

John I (French: Jean sans Peur ; Dutch: Jan zonder Vrees; 28 May 1371 – 10 September 1419) was a scion of the French royal family who ruled the Burgundian State from 1404 until his death in 1419. He played a key role in French national affairs during the early 15th century, particularly in the struggles to rule the country for the mentally ill King Charles VI, his cousin, and the Hundred Years' War with England. A rash, ruthless and unscrupulous politician, John murdered the King's brother, the Duke of Orléans, in an attempt to gain control of the government, which led to the eruption of the Armagnac–Burgundian Civil War in France and in turn culminated in his own assassination in 1419. The involvement of Charles, the heir to the French throne, in his assassination prompted John's son and successor Philip to seek an alliance with the English, thereby bringing the Hundred Years' War to its final phase. John played an important role in the development of gunpowder artillery in European warfare, making extensive and successful use of it in his military campaigns.

Wikidata Wikipedia

Commemorated on 1 plaque

En ce Palais sont nes Jean-sans-Peur, XXVIII Mai MCCCLXXI. Philippe-le-Bon, XXX Juin MCCCLXXXVI. Charles-le-Téméraire, X Nov MCCCCXXXIII.

English translation: In this palace were born John the Fearless 28 May 1371, Philip the Good 30 June 1386, Charles the Bold 10 Nov 1433.

Place des Ducs de Bourgogne, Dijon, France where they was born (1371)