Gustave Courbet

Died aged 58

Jean Désiré Gustave Courbet (French: [ɡystav kuʁbɛ]; 10 June 1819 – 31 December 1877) was a French painter who led the Realist movement in 19th-century French painting. Committed to painting only what he could see, he rejected academic convention and the Romanticism of the previous generation of visual artists. His independence set an example that was important to later artists, such as the Impressionists and the Cubists. Courbet occupies an important place in 19th-century French painting as an innovator and as an artist willing to make bold social statements through his work. Courbet's paintings of the late 1840s and early 1850s brought him his first recognition. They challenged convention by depicting unidealized peasants and workers, often on a grand scale traditionally reserved for paintings of religious or historical subjects. Courbet's subsequent paintings were mostly of a less overtly political character: landscapes, seascapes, hunting scenes, nudes and still lifes. He was imprisoned for six months in 1871 for his involvement with the Paris Commune, and lived in exile in Switzerland from 1873 until his death. I am fifty years old and I have always lived in freedom; let me end my life free; when I am dead let this be said of me: 'He belonged to no school, to no church, to no institution, to no academy, least of all to any régime except the régime of liberty.'

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Commemorated on 1 plaque

Monceau on Flickr

Hôtel Thiers. Adolphe Thiers, homme d'État et historien, fut élu Président de la République, en 1871, par l'Assemblée Nationale. Cet hôtel fut celui de Madame Dosne, qui le vendit à son gendre, M. Thiers, en 1833 pour la somme de 100.000F, quand celui-ci épousa Elisa Dosne. La maison fut détruite en 1871 par les communards; c'est le peintre Courbet qui sauva les biens de Thiers, et l'hôtel fut reconstruit en 1873 par Aldrophe, puis légué a l'Institut en 1905, avec sa bibliothèque, par la belle-soeur de Thiers, Félicie Dosne.

English translation: Hôtel Thiers. Adolphe Thiers, a statesman and historian, was elected President of the Republic in 1871 by the National Assembly. This hotel was that of Madame Dosne, who sold it to her son-in-law, M. Thiers, in 1833 for the sum of 100,000 F, when he married Elisa Dosne. The house was destroyed in 1871 by the Communards; it was the painter Courbet who saved Thiers's property, and the hotel was rebuilt in 1873 by Aldrophe and bequeathed to the Institute in 1905, with its library, by Thiers's sister-in-law, Félicie Dosne.

27 Place Saint-Georges, Paris, France where they was