Jane Haining

woman and missionary

Died aged c. 47

Jane Mathison Haining (6 June 1897 – 17 July 1944) was a Scottish missionary for the Church of Scotland in Budapest, Hungary, who was recognized in 1997 by Yad Vashem in Israel as Righteous Among the Nations for having risked her life to help Jews during the Holocaust. Haining worked in Budapest from June 1932 as matron of a boarding house for Jewish and Christian girls in a school run by the Scottish Mission to the Jews. In or around 1940, after the outbreak of World War II in 1939, the Church of Scotland advised Haining to return to Britain, but she decided to stay in Hungary. When Germany invaded Hungary in March 1944, the SS began arranging the deportation of the country's Jews to Auschwitz II-Birkenau, the German extermination camp in occupied Poland. Arrested by the Gestapo in April 1944 on a variety of charges, apparently after a dispute with the school's cook, Haining was herself deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau in May. She died there two months later, probably as a result of starvation and the camp's catastrophic living conditions. Little is known about Haining's work in Budapest or death in Auschwitz. In 1949 a Scottish minister, the Reverend David McDougall (1889–1964), editor of the Jewish Mission Quarterly, published a 21-page booklet about her, Jane Haining of Budapest. According to Jennifer Robertson, writing in 2014 for PRISM: An Interdisciplinary Journal for Holocaust Educators, almost all subsequent publications about Haining depend on McDougall's booklet.

Wikidata Wikipedia

Commemorated on 2 plaques

Rev Dr Henry Duncan (1774-1846) Sir James Anderson (1824-1893) Sir James M. Barrie (1860-1937) Jane Haining (1897-1944) John Laurie (1897-1980) Sir Robin Philipson (1916-1992) John Hanson (1922-1998) Alexander S. Graham (1915-1991) Jock Wishart (1951-present) notable pupils

Dumfries Academy, Academy Street, Dumfries, United Kingdom where they attended school

This stone from Auschwitz is in memory of Jane Haining Scottish missionary and all others who died in the death camp

, Edinburgh, United Kingdom where they lived near