Cardinal John Henry Newman

Died aged c. 89

John Henry Newman, C.O. (21 February 1801 – 11 August 1890) was an English theologian, scholar and poet, first an Anglican priest and later a Catholic priest and cardinal, who was an important and controversial figure in the religious history of England in the 19th century. He was known nationally by the mid-1830s, and was canonised as a saint in the Catholic Church in 2019. Originally an evangelical University of Oxford academic and priest in the Church of England, Newman became drawn to the high-church tradition of Anglicanism. He became one of the more notable leaders of the Oxford Movement, an influential and controversial grouping of Anglicans who wished to return to the Church of England many Catholic beliefs and liturgical rituals from before the English Reformation. In this, the movement had some success. After publishing his controversial "Tract 90" in 1841, Newman later wrote, "I was on my death-bed, as regards my membership with the Anglican Church". In 1845 Newman, joined by some but not all of his followers, officially left the Church of England and his teaching post at Oxford University and was received into the Catholic Church. He was quickly ordained as a priest and continued as an influential religious leader, based in Birmingham. In 1879, he was created a cardinal by Pope Leo XIII in recognition of his services to the cause of the Catholic Church in England. He was instrumental in the founding of the Catholic University of Ireland (CUI) in 1854, although he had left Dublin by 1859. CUI in time evolved into University College Dublin. Newman was also a literary figure: his major writings include the Tracts for the Times (1833–1841), his autobiography Apologia Pro Vita Sua (1865–1866), the Grammar of Assent (1870), and the poem The Dream of Gerontius (1865), which was set to music in 1900 by Edward Elgar. He wrote the popular hymns "Lead, Kindly Light", "Firmly I believe, and truly" (taken from Gerontius), and "Praise to the Holiest in the Height" (taken from Gerontius). Newman's beatification was proclaimed by Pope Benedict XVI on 19 September 2010 during his visit to the United Kingdom. His canonisation was officially approved by Pope Francis on 12 February 2019, and took place on 13 October 2019. He is the fifth saint of the City of London, after Thomas Becket (born in Cheapside), Thomas More (born on Milk Street), Edmund Campion (son of a London bookseller) and Polydore Plasden (of Fleet Street).

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Commemorated on 8 plaques

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Cardinal John Henry Newman

In this house John Henry Newman 1801-1890 later Cardinal Newman spent some of his early years

Grey Court, Ham Street, Richmond Upon Thames, London, United Kingdom where they lived

John Henry Cardinal Newman 1801-1890 founder of the English Oratory lived here from 1852 to 1890

Oratory Church, Hagley Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom where they lived

St. Patrick's House of the Catholic university University College 1854-1909. John Henry Newman, Rector 1852-59, Gerard Manley Hopkins, Professor of Greek 1884-89, James Augustine Joyce, student 1899-1902

Merrion Square South, Dublin, Ireland where they rector

In a house near this spot John Henry, Cardinal Newman was born 21st February 1801

60 Threadneedle Street, London, United Kingdom where they was born near (1801)

Here in early life lived John Henry Cardinal Newman Born 1801 Died 1890

17 Southampton Place, Holborn, London, United Kingdom where they lived

In the garden of this house John Henry Newman 1801 - 1890 built University Church 1856

87A St Stephen's Green West, Dublin, Ireland where they built University Church

Cardinal John Henry Newman [full inscription unknown]

near Westminster Cathedral, Victoria, London, United Kingdom where they was

John Henry Newman 1801-1890 Later Cardinal, lived here with his parents from 1816-1819

59 High Street, Alton, United Kingdom where they lived (1816-1819)