Rt Hon. Sir Lord William Thomson OM PC GCVO PRS FRS FRSE PRSE

Died aged c. 83

William Thomson, Baron Kelvin, (26 June 1824 – 17 December 1907) was a British mathematical physicist and engineer who was born in Belfast in 1824. At the University of Glasgow he did important work in the mathematical analysis of electricity and formulation of the first and second laws of thermodynamics, and did much to unify the emerging discipline of physics in its modern form. He worked closely with mathematics professor Hugh Blackburn in his work. He also had a career as an electric telegraph engineer and inventor, which propelled him into the public eye and ensured his wealth, fame and honour. For his work on the transatlantic telegraph project he was knighted in 1866 by Queen Victoria, becoming Sir William Thomson. He had extensive maritime interests and was most noted for his work on the mariner's compass, which previously had limited reliability. Absolute temperatures are stated in units of kelvin in his honour. While the existence of a lower limit to temperature (absolute zero) was known prior to his work, Kelvin is known for determining its correct value as approximately −273.15 degree Celsius or −459.67 degree Fahrenheit. He was ennobled in 1892 in recognition of his achievements in thermodynamics, and of his opposition to Irish Home Rule, becoming Baron Kelvin, of Largs in the County of Ayr. He was the first British scientist to be elevated to the House of Lords. The title refers to the River Kelvin, which flows near his laboratory at the University of Glasgow. His home was the red sandstone mansion Netherhall, in Largs. Despite offers of elevated posts from several world-renowned universities, Kelvin refused to leave Glasgow, remaining professor of Natural Philosophy for over 50 years, until his eventual retirement from that post. The Hunterian Museum at the University of Glasgow has a permanent exhibition on the work of Kelvin including many of his original papers, instruments, and other artifacts, such as his smoking pipe. Active in industrial research and development, he was recruited around 1899 by George Eastman to serve as vice-chairman of the board of the British company Kodak Limited, affiliated with Eastman Kodak.

Wikidata Wikipedia

Commemorated on 4 plaques

Lord Kelvin 1824-1907 physicist and inventor lived here

15 Eaton Place, Westminster, SW1, London, United Kingdom where they lived

William Thomson, Baron Kelvin of Largs, physicist lived here 1870-1899

11 Professors' Square, Glasgow, United Kingdom where they lived

Lord Kelvin OM (William Thomson) Scientist 1824-1907 born in a house on this site

21-25 College Square East, Belfast, United Kingdom where they was born (1824)

James Prescott Joule and William Thomson, (later Lord Kelvin) discovered the Joule-Thomson Effect, on which mechanical refrigeration is based in this house in 1852

Acton Square, Manchester, United Kingdom where they was , was , and was