T. E. Lawrence
(1888-1935)

Died aged 46

Thomas Edward Lawrence CB DSO FAS (16 August 1888 – 19 May 1935) was a British author, archaeologist, military officer, and diplomat. He was renowned for his liaison role during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign and the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire during the First World War. The breadth and variety of his activities and associations, and his ability to describe them vividly in writing, earned him international fame as Lawrence of Arabia—a title used for the 1962 film based on his wartime activities. Lawrence was born out of wedlock in Tremadog, Wales in August 1888 to Thomas Chapman (who became, in 1914, Sir Thomas Chapman, 7th Baronet), an Anglo-Irish nobleman from County Westmeath, and Sarah Junner, a Scottish governess who was herself illegitimate. Chapman had left his wife and first family in Ireland to live with Junner, and they called themselves Mr and Mrs Lawrence. In the summer of 1896, the Lawrences moved to Oxford, where Lawrence attended high school, then in 1907-1910 studied History at Jesus College. Between 1910 and 1914 he worked as an archaeologist, chiefly at Carchemish, in what is now Syria. Soon after the outbreak of war he joined the British army and was stationed in Egypt. In 1916, he was sent to Arabia on an intelligence mission and quickly became involved with the Arab Revolt, serving, along with other British officers, as a liaison to the Arab forces. Working closely with Emir Faisal, a leader of the revolt, he participated in and sometimes led military activities against the Ottoman armed forces, culminating in the capture of Damascus in October 1918. After the war, Lawrence served until 1922 as a diplomat, working both with the British government and with Faisal. In 1922, he retreated from public life and spent the years until 1935 serving as an enlisted man, mostly in the Royal Air Force, with a brief stint in the Army. During this time, he wrote and published his best-known work, Seven Pillars of Wisdom, an autobiographical account of his participation in the Arab Revolt. He also translated books into English and completed The Mint, which was published posthumously. He corresponded extensively and was friendly with well-known artists, writers, and politicians. For the RAF, he participated in the design of rescue motorboats. Lawrence's public image resulted in part from the sensationalised reporting of the Arab revolt by American journalist Lowell Thomas, as well as from Seven Pillars of Wisdom. In 1935, Lawrence was fatally injured in a motorcycle accident in Dorset.

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friend of Vyvyan Richards

Commemorated on 7 plaques

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T. E. Lawrence 'Lawrence of Arabia' 1888-1935 lived here

14 Barton Street, Westminster, SW1, London, United Kingdom where they lived

T. E. Lawrence "Lawrence of Arabia" 1888-1935 lived here

Smith Square, London, United Kingdom where they lived

This house was the home of T. E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) from 1896-1921

2 Polstead Road, Oxford, United Kingdom where they lived (1896-1921)

T. E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) - Until conveyed to the Corporation of London in September 1930, 18 acres of land at the top of Pole Hill was owned by T E Lawrence, the famous soldier, writer and scholar. It was here that he originally intended to erect a house with his friend Vyvyan Richards in which to print fine books including his classic "Seven Pillars of Wisdom". This never came to pass, although until 1922 Richards lived here in a hut called "cloisters"

Pole Hill Obelisk, E4, London, United Kingdom where they owned

T. E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) 1888-1935 Lived here 1931-1932

Shore Road, Hythe, United Kingdom where they lived (1931-1932)

Lawrence of Arabia 1888-1935 on his return from India in 1929, T. E. Lawrence under the assumed name of Shaw was posted to a flying boat squadron at RAF Mount Batten. He remained in the marine craft section until his discharge in february 1935.

St. Johns Road, Plymouth, United Kingdom where they worked (1929-1935)

Lawrence of Arabia 1888-1935. On this site in 1925 soldier and author T. E. Lawrence lodged whilst serving at RAF Cranwell. Around this time he wrote his book Seven Pillars of Wisdom the legendary account of his leadership of Arab insurgence against the Turks in Syria during World War 1.

33 Steep Hill, Lincoln, United Kingdom where they was