James Young Simpson

Died aged c. 59

Sir James Young Simpson, 1st Baronet, FRSE FRCPE FSA Scot (7 June 1811 – 6 May 1870) was a Scottish obstetrician and a significant figure in the history of medicine. He was the first physician to demonstrate the anaesthetic properties of chloroform on humans and helped to popularise its use in medicine. Simpson's intellectual interests ranged from archaeology to an almost taboo subject at the time: hermaphroditism. He was an early advocate of the use of midwives in the hospital environment. Many prominent women also consulted him for their gynaecological problems. Simpson wrote Homœopathy, its Tenets and Tendencies refuting the ideas put forward by Hahnemann. His services as an early founder of gynaecology and proponent of hospital reform were rewarded with a knighthood and by 1847 he had been appointed as physician to the Queen in Scotland. Simpson was a close friend of Sir David Brewster, and was present at his deathbed. His contribution to the understanding of the anaesthetic properties of chloroform had a major impact on surgery.

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Commemorated on 4 plaques

Thank God for James Young Simpson's discovery of chloroform anaesthesia in 1847.

Parliament Square, Edinburgh, United Kingdom where they was

Sir James Young Simpson Lived in this house from 1845 to 1870, and in 1847 discovered the anaesthetic power of chloroform.

52 Queen Street, Edinburgh, United Kingdom where they lived (1845-1870)

In 1847 in a pharmacy on this site Duncan Flockhart & Co made the chloroform used by Sir James Young Simpson in the historic experiments on the relief of pain. This plaque was erected on the occasion of the Third World Congress of the International Association for the Study of Pain held in Edinburgh 1981.

North Bridge, Edinburgh, United Kingdom where they was

In honour of Sir James Young Simpson 1811-1870 Pioneer of Anaesthetics, Professor of Midwifery (1840-1870), Graduate of the University

, Edinburgh, United Kingdom where they studied