Walter Benjamin

Died aged 48

Walter Bendix Schönflies Benjamin (/ˈbɛnjəmɪn/; German: [ˈvaltɐ ˈbɛnjamiːn]; 15 July 1892 – 26 September 1940) was a German Jewish philosopher, cultural critic and essayist. An eclectic thinker, combining elements of German idealism, Romanticism, Western Marxism, and Jewish mysticism, Benjamin made enduring and influential contributions to aesthetic theory, literary criticism, and historical materialism. He was associated with the Frankfurt School, and also maintained formative friendships with thinkers such as playwright Bertolt Brecht and Kabbalah scholar Gershom Scholem. He was also related to German political theorist and philosopher Hannah Arendt through her first marriage to Benjamin's cousin Günther Anders. Among Benjamin's best known works are the essays "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction" (1935), and "Theses on the Philosophy of History" (1940). His major work as a literary critic included essays on Baudelaire, Goethe, Kafka, Kraus, Leskov, Proust, Walser, and translation theory. He also made major translations into German of the Tableaux Parisiens section of Baudelaire's Les Fleurs du mal and parts of Proust's À la recherche du temps perdu. In 1940, at the age of 48, Benjamin committed suicide at Portbou on the French–Spanish border while attempting to escape from the invading Wehrmacht. Though popular acclaim eluded him during his life, the decades following his death won his work posthumous renown.

Wikidata Wikipedia

Commemorated on 2 plaques

In dem früher hier stehenden Haus lebte von 1930 bis zu seiner Emigration 1933 Walter Benjamin 15.7.1892 - 27.9.1940 literaturkritiker, essayist und philsoph, schrieb hier Teile der 'Berliner Kindheit um 1900'. Freitod as der französisch-spanishen Grenze wegen drohender Auslieferung an die Gestapo.

Prinzregentenstraße 66, Wilmersdorf, Berlin, Germany where they lived (1930-1933)

Walter Benjamin 1892-1940 Philosophe et Écrivain allemand Traducteur de Proust et Beaudelaire A vécu dans cet immeuble de 1938 à 1940

English translation: Walter Benjamin 1892-1940 German philosopher and writer Translator of Proust and Beaudelaire Lived in this building from 1938 to 1940

10, rue Dombasle, Paris, France where they lived (1938-1940)