Olympe de Gouges
(1748-1793)

Died aged c. 45

Olympe de Gouges (French: [olɛ̃p də ɡuʒ] ; born Marie Gouze; 7 May 1748 – 3 November 1793) was a French playwright and political activist whose writings on women's rights and abolitionism reached a large audience in various countries. She began her career as a playwright in the early 1780s. As political tension rose in France, Olympe de Gouges became increasingly politically engaged. She became an outspoken advocate against the slave trade in the French colonies in 1788. At the same time, she began writing political pamphlets. Today she is perhaps best known as an early women's rights advocate who demanded that French women be given the same rights as French men. In her Declaration of the Rights of Woman and of the Female Citizen (1791), she challenged the practice of male authority and the notion of male-female inequality. She was executed by guillotine during the Reign of Terror (1793–1794) for attacking the regime of the Revolutionary government and for her association with the Girondists.

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Commemorated on 2 plaques

Monceau on Flickr
Monceau on Flickr

Olympe de Gouges 1748 - 1793 auteur de la Déclaration des Droits de la Femme et de la Citoyenne

English translation: Olympe de Gouges 1748 - 1793 author of the Declaration of the Rights of Women and the Citizen [AWS Translate]

18 rue Servandoni, Paris, France where they was

Dans cette maison habita Olympe de Gouges ecrivain feministe 1748 - 1793

English translation: In this house lived Olympe de Gouges feminist writer 1748 - 1793 [AWS Translate]

4 rue du Buis, Paris, France where they lived (1748-1793)