Max Ernst

Died aged 84

Max Ernst (2 April 1891 – 1 April 1976) was a German (naturalised American in 1948 and French in 1958) painter, sculptor, printmaker, graphic artist, and poet. A prolific artist, Ernst was a primary pioneer of the Dada movement and Surrealism in Europe. He had no formal artistic training, but his experimental attitude toward the making of art resulted in his invention of frottage—a technique that uses pencil rubbings of textured objects and relief surfaces to create images—and grattage, an analogous technique in which paint is scraped across canvas to reveal the imprints of the objects placed beneath. Ernst is noted for his unconventional drawing methods as well as for creating novels and pamphlets using the method of collages. He served as a soldier for four years during World War I, and this experience left him shocked, traumatised and critical of the modern world. During World War II was designated an "undesirable foreigner" while living in France. He died in Paris on 1 April 1976.

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Commemorated on 1 plaque

Max Ernst Peintre Sculpteur Poete Ne le 2 Avril 1891 en Allemagne a Brühl A vecu dans cette maison de 1962 a sa mort le 1er Avril 1976

English translation: Max Ernst painter sculptor poet born on the 2 April 1891 in Germany lived in this house from 1962 to his death on 1 April 1976

19 rue de Lille, Paris, France where they lived (1962-1976)