General John Lambert

Died aged c. 65

John Lambert (Autumn 1619 – March 1684) was an English Parliamentary general and politician. He fought during the English Civil War and then in Oliver Cromwell's Scottish campaign (1650–51), becoming thereafter active in civilian politics until his dismissal by Cromwell in 1657. During this time he wrote the Instrument of Government, one of only two codified constitutions ever adopted in Britain, and was influential in bringing about the Protectorate. He remained inactive from politics until after the resignation of Richard Cromwell, when he was re-appointed to a position in the army in 1659. He prevented the sitting of the Rump Parliament and created a Committee of Safety with which to run the interim government. However, George Monck's march south caused Lambert's army to disintegrate and he was imprisoned in the Tower of London in March 1660. He made one final attempt to resist the Restoration of 1660 after escaping a month later, but his support had dwindled. He spent the remaining 24 years of his life imprisoned, first on Guernsey, and then on Drake's Island where he died in the winter of 1683–84.

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Commemorated on 3 plaques

The Battle of the Hieton was fought on the banks of this stream between the Covenanters under Colonel Ker and the English under General Lambert in 1650

Cadzow Bridge, Cadzow Street, ML3 6HP, Hamilton, United Kingdom where they fought (1650)

John Lambert 1619-1684 born here at Calton Hall and baptised at Kirkby Malham Church. Outstanding soldier in the English Civil War, architect of the Cromwellian Protectorate, a man of extraordinary parts, a pleasant wit, of great understanding. Imprisoned for life on the orders of Charles II he died at Plymouth always loyal to his republican principles

Calton Hall, Kirkby Malham, United Kingdom where they was born (1619)

This tablet is dedicated to the memory of General John Lambert 1619-1684 a native of this parish who in the Civil War laboured for the good of this nation in the Parliamentary cause and was buried in St. Andrews Church, Plymouth

Kirkby Malham parish church, Kirkby Malham, United Kingdom where they was baptised