General John Lambert

Died aged c. 65

Major General John Lambert, also spelt 'Lambart', September 1619 to March 1684 was an English Parliamentarian general and politician. Widely regarded as one of the most talented soldiers of the period, he fought throughout the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, and was largely responsible for victory in the 1650 to 1651 Scottish campaign. Although involved in the discussions between the New Model Army and Parliament during 1647, his first formal involvement in civilian politics was in 1653 when he became a member of the English Council of State. In December 1653, he helped prepare the 'Instrument of Government', which provided the constitutional framework for the Protectorate. He later fell out with Oliver Cromwell, largely because he opposed converting his role as Lord Protector into a kingship. He lost his offices in 1657 after refusing to swear an oath of loyalty to Cromwell and after his death in September 1658, he re-entered politics as Member of Parliament for Pontefract in early 1659. When Richard Cromwell resigned in May, he became a member of the Committee of Safety and successfully suppressed the Royalist Booth's Uprising. He was then sent to deal with George Monck but his army disintegrated and he was imprisoned in the Tower of London in March 1660. Lambert escaped a month later and made one final attempt to resist The Restoration before being recaptured. Despite his prominent role in the Protectorate, he had not participated in the Trial of Charles I and had many close connections with senior Royalists. Although sentenced to death, this was commuted to life imprisonment; he spent the remaining 24 years of his life under house arrest, first on Guernsey, then on Drake's Island near Plymouth, where he died in March 1684.

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Commemorated on 3 plaques

The Battle of the Hieton was fought on the banks of this stream between the Covenanters under Colonel Ker and the English under General Lambert in 1650

Cadzow Bridge, Cadzow Street, ML3 6HP, Hamilton, United Kingdom where they fought (1650)

John Lambert 1619-1684 born here at Calton Hall and baptised at Kirkby Malham Church. Outstanding soldier in the English Civil War, architect of the Cromwellian Protectorate, a man of extraordinary parts, a pleasant wit, of great understanding. Imprisoned for life on the orders of Charles II he died at Plymouth always loyal to his republican principles

Calton Hall, Kirkby Malham, United Kingdom where they was born (1619)

This tablet is dedicated to the memory of General John Lambert 1619-1684 a native of this parish who in the Civil War laboured for the good of this nation in the Parliamentary cause and was buried in St. Andrews Church, Plymouth

Kirkby Malham parish church, Kirkby Malham, United Kingdom where they was baptised