Charles Edward Stuart

Died aged c. 68

Charles Edward Louis John Sylvester Maria Casimir Stuart (20 December 1720 – 30 January 1788) was the elder son of James Francis Edward Stuart, grandson of James II and VII, and the Stuart claimant to the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland from 1766 as Charles III. During his lifetime, he was also known as "the Young Pretender" and "the Young Chevalier"; in popular memory, he is known as Bonnie Prince Charlie. Born in Rome to the exiled Stuart court, he spent much of his early and later life in Italy. In 1744, he travelled to France to take part in a planned invasion to restore the Stuart monarchy under his father. When the French fleet was partly wrecked by storms, Charles resolved to proceed to Scotland following discussion with leading Jacobites. This resulted in Charles landing by ship on the west coast of Scotland, leading to the Jacobite rising of 1745. The Jacobite forces under Charles initially achieved several victories in the field, including the Battle of Prestonpans in September 1745 and the Battle of Falkirk Muir in January 1746. However, by April 1746, Charles was defeated at Culloden, which effectively ended the Stuart cause. While there were subsequent attempts such as a planned French invasion in 1759, Charles was unable to restore the Stuart monarchy. With the Jacobite cause lost, Charles spent the remainder of his life on the continent, except for one secret visit to London. On his return, Charles lived briefly in France before he was exiled in 1748 under the terms of the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle. Charles eventually returned to Italy, where he spent much of his later life living in Florence and Rome. He had a number of mistresses before marrying Princess Louise of Stolberg-Gedern in 1772. In his later life, Charles's health declined greatly and he was said to be an alcoholic. However, his escapades during the 1745 and 1746 uprising, as well as his escape from Scotland, led to his portrayal as a romantic figure of heroic failure. His life and the once possible prospects of a restored Stuart monarchy have left an enduring historical legend that continues to have a legacy today.

Wikidata Wikipedia

Commemorated on 15 plaques

In November 1745 Jacobite forces under Charles Edward Stuart ('Bonny Prince Charlie') (1720-1788) used this site as a gun park

Byrom Street, Manchester, United Kingdom where they was (1745)

St. Ann's Square, originally called Acres Field on which every St. Michael's Day, a Fair was held from the days of Henry III in 1227. In 1709 Lady Ann Bland laid the foundation stone of this Church. In 1712 the Church was consecrated by the Right Rev Sir William Dawes, Bishop of Chester. In 1738 John Wesley preached here. In 1745 Charles Edward Stuart, the Pretender, rode into the Square. Here worshipped John Byrom, the author of Christians Awake.

St. Ann's Square, Manchester, United Kingdom where they rode

Prince Charles Edward 1720-1788 Young Pretender stayed here on 14th November 1745 during the Jacobite rebellion

Boltons Court, Preston, United Kingdom where they stayed

Warrington Bridge played an important part in the defence of the town by the Seventh Earl of Derby in 1643. The remnants of the Duke of Hamilton's army surrendered here to Cromwell after the fight at Red Bank, Winwick, in 1648. King Charles the Second accompanied by the Duke of Buckingham fought in a skirmish here in 1651. The Earl of Derby crossed the bridge in the same year on his way to execution at Bolton. The central arches were destroyed in 1745 to check the progress of the Young Pretender. This tablet was erected by the Warrington Society in 1927.

Warrington Bridge, Mersey Street, Warrington, United Kingdom where they progress was checked

Bonnie Prince Charlie lodged near here in Mrs Livesey’s house 25 November 1745

76 Church Street, Lancaster, United Kingdom where they lodged near (1745)

Bonnie Prince Charlie was proclaimed Regent by the Jacobite Army near here 24 November 1745

Market Sqare, Lancaster, United Kingdom where they proclaimed Regent by the Jacobite Army near here (1745)

Prince Charlie's House This building dates from the year 1603. In 1745 'Bonnie' Prince Charlie established his headquarters here during the siege of Carlisle on November 12th to 18th 1745.

T Hamilton, Main Street, Brampton, United Kingdom where they established his headquarters (1745)

On this site stood the Shawfield Mansion where Prince Charles Stuart resided in 1745.

187 Trongate, Merchant City, G1 5RY, Glasgow, United Kingdom where they lived (1745)

Prince Charlie's House. Built in 1690, this house was owned during the Stuart rebellion of 1745 by Justice Thomas Shepherd. It was slept in by 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' during his advance on London and again during his retreat when his pursuer, the Duke of Cumberland, slept in the same bed on the following night. In an exchange of fire with the retreating army a highlander and a local farmer were shot.

95 Stricklandgate, Kendal, United Kingdom where they spent a night at the house (1745)

Bonnie Prince Charlie [full inscription unknown]

Bonnie Prince Charlie's House, 8-10 The Causeway, Duddingston, Edinburgh, United Kingdom where they stayed

At Ashbourne on December 3rd 1745, Charles Edward Stuart declared his father James King of England, Wales and Scotland.

Town Hall - Buxton Road, Ashbourne, United Kingdom where they declared his father James King of England, Wales and Scotland (1745)

Union Flag Inn Grade II Listed Building 1708 In 1745 a confrontation between the forces of Bonnie Prince Charlie and the town authorities took place here. Built as a residence it is a particularly early instance of accomplished classical architecture. Used as a bank since 1930

Lloyds Bank, Yorkshire St, Rochdale, United Kingdom where they was

Here Prince Charles Edward Stuart had his quarters 1745

, Carlisle, United Kingdom where they stayed (1745)

- Prince Charlie Bridge - Near this spot at Gray's Mill, Prince Charlie's Army halted in 1745 prior to the occupation of Edinburgh.

Slateford Road, Edinburgh, United Kingdom where they was near (1745)

Prince Charles Edward Stuart Stayed here on the night of 22ND. November 1745

Devonshire Street, Penrith, United Kingdom where they was