Robert clive, 1st baron clive by nathaniel dance, (later sir nathaniel dance holland, bt)
Robert clive, 1st baron clive by nathaniel dance, (later sir nathaniel dance holland, bt)
Lord Robert Clive
(1725-1774)

Died aged c. 49

Major-General Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, KB FRS (29 September 1725 – 22 November 1774), also known as Clive of India, Commander-in-Chief of British India, was a British officer and soldier of fortune who established the military and political supremacy of the East India Company in Bengal. He is credited with securing a large swath of South Asia (Bangladesh, India, Pakistan) and the wealth that followed, for the British crown. Together with Warren Hastings he was one of the key early figures in the creation of British India, with all his attention focused on one prize, Bengal. He also sat as a Tory Member of Parliament in London. Clive was one of the most controversial figures in all British military history. His achievements included establishing control over much of India, and laying the foundation of the entire British Raj. For that he was vilified by his contemporaries in England, and put on trial before Parliament. Of special concern was that he amassed a personal fortune in India. Modern historians have criticised him for atrocities, for high taxes, and for the forced cultivation of crops which exacerbated famines.

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Commemorated on 2 plaques

Photo of Robert Clive blue plaque
Nick Harrison on Flickr
Photo of Robert Clive bronze plaque
sleepymyf on Flickr