Queen Margaret of Anjou
(1430-1482)

woman, Queen Consort of England (1445-1461), and Queen Consort of England (1470-1471)

Died aged c. 52

Margaret of Anjou (French: Marguerite; 23 March 1430 – 25 August 1482) was the wife of King Henry VI of England. As such, she was Queen of England from 1445 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471. Born in the Duchy of Lorraine into the House of Valois-Anjou, Margaret was the second eldest daughter of René of Anjou and Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine. She was one of the principal figures in the series of dynastic civil wars known as the Wars of the Roses and at times personally led the Lancastrian faction. Owing to her husband's frequent bouts of insanity, Margaret ruled the kingdom in his place. It was she who called for a Great Council in May 1455 that excluded the Yorkist faction headed by Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York, and thus provided the spark that ignited a civil conflict that lasted for over thirty years, decimated the old nobility of England, and caused the deaths of thousands of men, including her only son Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales, at the Battle of Tewkesbury in 1471. Margaret was taken prisoner by the victorious Yorkists after the Lancastrian defeat at Tewkesbury. In 1475, she was ransomed by her cousin, King Louis XI of France. She went to live in France as a poor relation of the French king, and she died there at the age of 52.

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Commemorated on 1 plaque

On this site stood the smithy of William Skelhorn at which Queen Margaret had her horse's shoes reversed to aid her escape from the Battle of Blore Heath 23rd September 1450

opposite the church, Mucklestone, United Kingdom where she had her horse's shoes reversed (1450)