Charles the Bold
(1433-1477)

Duke of Burgundy (from 1467)

Died aged 43

Charles I (Charles Martin; German: Karl Martin; Dutch: Karel Maarten; 10 November 1433 – 5 January 1477), nicknamed the Bold (German: der Kühne; Dutch: de Stoute; French: le Téméraire), was the Duke of Burgundy from 1467 to 1477. His main objective was to be crowned king by turning the growing Burgundian State into a territorially continuous kingdom. He declared himself and his lands independent, bought Upper Alsace and conquered Zutphen, Guelders and Lorraine, uniting at last Burgundian northern and southern possessions. This caused the enmity of several European powers and triggered the Burgundian Wars. His early death at the Battle of Nancy at the hands of Swiss mercenaries fighting for René II, Duke of Lorraine was of great consequence in European history. The Burgundian domains, long wedged between France and the Habsburg Empire, were divided, but the precise disposition of the vast and disparate territorial possessions involved was disputed among the European powers for centuries.

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Commemorated on 2 plaques

En ce Palais sont nes Jean-sans-Peur, XXVIII Mai MCCCLXXI. Philippe-le-Bon, XXX Juin MCCCLXXXVI. Charles-le-Téméraire, X Nov MCCCCXXXIII.

English translation: In this palace were born John the Fearless 28 May 1371, Philip the Good 30 June 1386, Charles the Bold 10 Nov 1433.

Place des Ducs de Bourgogne, Dijon, France where they was born (1433)

Dans cette maison a été déposé et veillé le corps de Charles le Téméraire, tué à la bataille de Nancy le 5 Janvier 1477.

English translation: In this house was laid and watched the body of Charles the Bold, killed in the Battle of Nancy on January 5, 1477.

30 Grande Rue, Nancy, France where they was interred (1477)