Ernest Hemingway
(1899-1961)

Died aged c. 62

Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American journalist, novelist, short-story writer, and sportsman. His economical and understated style—which he termed the iceberg theory—had a strong influence on 20th-century fiction, while his adventurous lifestyle and his public image brought him admiration from later generations. Hemingway produced most of his work between the mid-1920s and the mid-1950s, and he won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954. He published seven novels, six short-story collections, and two nonfiction works. Three of his novels, four short-story collections, and three nonfiction works were published posthumously. Many of his works are considered classics of American literature. Hemingway was raised in Oak Park, Illinois. After high school, he was a reporter for a few months for The Kansas City Star before leaving for the Italian Front to enlist as an ambulance driver in World War I. In 1918, he was seriously wounded and returned home. His wartime experiences formed the basis for his novel A Farewell to Arms (1929). In 1921, Hemingway married Hadley Richardson, the first of four wives. They moved to Paris where he worked as a foreign correspondent and fell under the influence of the modernist writers and artists of the 1920s' "Lost Generation" expatriate community. His debut novel The Sun Also Rises was published in 1926. He divorced Richardson in 1927 and married Pauline Pfeiffer; they divorced after he returned from the Spanish Civil War, where he had been a journalist. He based For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940) on his experience there. Martha Gellhorn became his third wife in 1940; they separated after he met Mary Welsh in London during World War II. He was present with the troops as a journalist at the Normandy landings and the liberation of Paris. Hemingway maintained permanent residences in Key West, Florida (in the 1930s), and Cuba (in the 1940s and 1950s). He almost died in 1954 after plane crashes on successive days; injuries left him in pain and ill health for much of the rest of his life. In 1959, he bought a house in Ketchum, Idaho, where, in mid-1961, he ended his own life.

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Commemorated on 4 plaques

Ernest Hemingway. American-born Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961), internationally renowned author, lived in this apartment building, 1597-1599 Bathurst Street, in 1923-24, while working as a journalist for the Toronto Star. While here he became friends with novelist Morley Callaghan and writer/broadcaster Gordon Sinclair. He returned to Paris, France, where he began his career as a novelist, producing such masterpieces as "The Sun Also Rises", "A Farewell To Arms" & "For Whom the Bell Tolls".

1599 Bathurst Street, Toronto, ON, Canada where they lived

De janvier 1922 à août 1923 a vécu, au troisième étage de cet immeuble, avec Hadley, son épouse, l'écrivain américain Ernest Hemingway 1899-1961 Le quartier, qu'il aimait par-dessus tout, fut le véritable lieu de naissance de son œuvre et du style dépouillé qui la caractérise. Cet Américain à Paris entretenait des relations familières avec ses voisins, notamment le patron du bal-musette attenant. ..."Tel était le Paris de notre jeunesse, au temps où nous étions très pauvres at très heureux." Ernest Hemingway (Paris est une fête)

English translation: From January 1922 to August 1923 lived, on the third floor of this building, with Hadley, his wife, American writer Ernest Hemingway 1899-1961 The neighbourhood, which he loved above all, was the true birthplace of his work and the stripped style that characterized it. This American in Paris had a familiar relationship with his neighbours, including the owner of the adjoining balmusette....” This was the Paris of our youth, when we were very poor at very happy.” Ernest Hemingway (Paris is a party) [AWS Translate]

Rue du Cardinal Lemoine, Paris, France where they lived (1922-1923)

Ernest M. Hemingway [full inscription unknown]

Hemingway House, 907 Whitehead Street, Key West, FL, United States where they was

En este "Hotel Ambos Mundos" vivio durante la decaga del 1930 el novelista Ernest Hemingway.

English translation: In this “Hotel Ambos Mundos” lived during the 1930s the novelist Ernest Hemingway. [AWS Translate]

153 Obispo, Havana, Cuba where they Lived here (1930)