Sir Rt Hon. Lord John Buchan CH GCVO PC GCMG

Died aged 64

John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir GCMG GCVO CH PC DL (/ˈbʌxən/; 26 August 1875 – 11 February 1940) was a Scottish novelist, historian, and Unionist politician who served as Governor General of Canada, the 15th since Canadian Confederation. After a brief legal career, Buchan simultaneously began his writing career and his political and diplomatic careers, serving as a private secretary to the administrator of various colonies in southern Africa. He eventually wrote propaganda for the British war effort during the First World War. He was elected Member of Parliament for the Combined Scottish Universities in 1927, but he spent most of his time on his writing career, notably writing The Thirty-Nine Steps and other adventure fiction. In 1935, King George V, on the advice of Prime Minister R. B. Bennett, appointed Buchan to replace the Earl of Bessborough as Governor General of Canada, for which purpose Buchan was raised to the peerage. He occupied the post until his death in 1940. Buchan was enthusiastic about literacy and the development of Canadian culture, and he received a state funeral in Canada before his ashes were returned to the United Kingdom. Modern critics have commented on the racist and anti-semitic attitudes displayed by some fictional characters in his books.

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Family tree

Commemorated on 3 plaques

John Buchan author & statesman lived in a house on this site from 1912 until 1919

Foyer of the Institute of Physics, 76 Portland Place, London, United Kingdom where they worked

John Buchan First Baron Tweedsmuir of Elsfield Author Governor-General of Canada lived here 1919-1935

Manor House, Elsfield, Oxford, United Kingdom where they lived (1919-1935)

Bank House. The author John Buchan, later Governor-General of Canada, often stayed in this house as a boy.

High Street, Peebles, United Kingdom where they stayed