Rudyard Kipling

Died aged c. 71

Joseph Rudyard Kipling (/ˈrʌdjərd ˈkɪplɪŋ/ RUD-yərd KIP-ling, ; 30 December 1865 – 18 January 1936) was an English journalist, short-story writer, poet, and novelist. Kipling's works of fiction include The Jungle Book (1894), Kim (1901), and many short stories, including "The Man Who Would Be King" (1888). His poems include "Mandalay" (1890), "Gunga Din" (1890), "The Gods of the Copybook Headings" (1919), "The White Man's Burden" (1899), and "If—" (1910). He is regarded as a major innovator in the art of the short story; his children's books are classics of children's literature; and one critic described his work as exhibiting "a versatile and luminous narrative gift". Kipling was one of the most popular writers in the United Kingdom, in both prose and verse, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Henry James said: "Kipling strikes me personally as the most complete man of genius, as distinct from fine intelligence, that I have ever known." In 1907, at the age of 42, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, making him the first English-language writer to receive the prize, and its youngest recipient to date. He was also sounded out for the British Poet Laureateship and on several occasions for a knighthood, both of which he declined. Kipling's subsequent reputation has changed according to the political and social climate of the age and the resulting contrasting views about him continued for much of the 20th century. George Orwell called him a "prophet of British imperialism".Literary critic Douglas Kerr wrote: "[Kipling] is still an author who can inspire passionate disagreement and his place in literary and cultural history is far from settled. But as the age of the European empires recedes, he is recognised as an incomparable, if controversial, interpreter of how empire was experienced. That, and an increasing recognition of his extraordinary narrative gifts, make him a force to be reckoned with."

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Commemorated on 8 plaques

Rudyard Kipling 1865-1936 poet and story writer lived here 1889-1891

43 Villiers Street, Westminster, WC2, London, United Kingdom where they lived (1889-1891)

here lived 1897-1903 Rudyard Kipling 1865-1936

Rottingdean, Rottingdean, United Kingdom where they lived

Rudyard Kipling 1865-1936 writer and Nobel Laureate lived here as a boy 1871-1877

Lorne Lodge, Campbell Road, Southsea, Portsmouth, United Kingdom where they lived

Rudyard Kipling lived here at Rock House from 1896-1898 on his return from America

Rock House, Rock House Lane, Maidencombe, Torquay, United Kingdom where they lived

Rudyard Kipling son of Lockwood Kipling first Principal of the Sir J. J. School of Art was born here 30-12-1865

Sir J. J. Institute of Applied Art, Mumbai, India where they was born (1865)

This terrace of twelve houses was occupied by the United Services College September 1874 to March 1904. Rudyard Kipling was educated here January 1878 to July 1882 under Cormell Pric(illegible) first headmaster

Kipling Terrace, Westward Ho!, United Kingdom where they was educated

Rudyard Kipling 1865-1936 Sydney ... was populated by leisured multitudes all in their shirt-sleeves and all picnicking all the day. They volunteered that they were new and young, but would do wonderful things some day. Something of Myself (1937) Rudyard Kipling visited Sydney in 1891. A prolific writer of verse and stories, including the two volumes of The Jungle Book, he had a strong influence on Australian poets like 'Banjo' Paterson.

Near Sydney Opera House, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia where they visited

Rudyard Kipling 1865-1936 English journalist, poet and writer of "The Jungle Books", Just So Stories" and "Kim". His patriotic interest in Army, Sea and Empire led to many visits to Simon's town and stories about its characters.

St George's Street, Simon's Town, South Africa where they visited