Rt Hon. Viscount Earl David Lloyd George OM PC
(1863-1945)

solicitor (from 1884), Member of Parliament (1890-1944), Privy Counsellor (from 1905), Chancellor of the Exchequer (1908-1915), 52nd Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1916-1922), Order of Merit recipient (from 1919), 1st Viscount Gwynedd (from 1945), and 1st Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor (from 1945)

Died aged c. 82

David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) was a Welsh statesman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1916 to 1922. He was the final Liberal to have held the post of Prime Minister. Lloyd George was a first language Welsh speaker, born on 17 January 1863 in Chorlton-on-Medlock, Manchester, to Welsh parents. He was raised in Wales from around 3 months old, first briefly in Pembrokeshire, South West Wales, and then in Llanystumdwy, North West Wales. He is so far the only British Prime Minister to have been Welsh and to have spoken English as a second language. His father, a schoolmaster, died in 1864 and he was raised in Wales by his mother and her shoemaker brother, whose Liberal politics and Baptist faith strongly influenced Lloyd George; the same uncle helped the boy embark on a career as a solicitor after leaving school. Lloyd George became active in local politics, gaining a reputation as an orator and a proponent of a Welsh blend of radical Liberalism which championed nonconformism and the disestablishment of the Anglican church in Wales, equality for labourers and tenant farmers, and reform of landownership. In 1890 he narrowly won a by-election to become the Member of Parliament for Caernarvon Boroughs, in which seat he remained for fifty-five years. Lloyd George served in Henry Campbell-Bannerman's cabinet from 1905. After H. H. Asquith succeeded to the premiership in 1908 Lloyd George replaced him as Chancellor of the Exchequer. To fund extensive welfare reforms he proposed taxes on land ownership and high incomes in the "People's Budget" (1909), which the Conservative-dominated House of Lords rejected. The resulting constitutional crisis was only resolved after two elections in 1910 and the passage of the Parliament Act 1911. His budget was enacted in 1910, and with the National Insurance Act 1911 and other measures helped to establish the modern welfare state. In 1913 he was embroiled in the Marconi scandal, but he remained in office and promoted the disestablishment of the Church in Wales, until the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 suspended its implementation. As wartime Chancellor Lloyd George strengthened the country's finances and forged agreements with trade unions to maintain production. In 1915 Asquith formed a Liberal-led wartime coalition with the Conservatives and Labour. Lloyd George became Minister of Munitions and rapidly expanded production. In 1916 he was appointed Secretary of State for War but was frustrated by his limited power and clashes with the military establishment over strategy. Amid stalemate on the Western Front, confidence in Asquith's leadership waned. He was forced to resign in December 1916; Lloyd George succeeded him as Prime Minister, supported by the Conservatives and some Liberals. He centralised authority through a smaller war cabinet, a new Cabinet Office and his "Garden Suburb" of advisers. To combat food shortages he implemented the convoy system, established rationing, and stimulated farming. After supporting the disastrous French Nivelle Offensive in 1917, he had to reluctantly approve Field Marshal Haig's plans for the Battle of Passchendaele which resulted in huge casualties with little strategic benefit. Against the views of his commanders, he was finally able to see the Allies brought under one command in March 1918. The war effort turned to their favour that August and was won in November. In the aftermath he and the Conservatives maintained their coalition with popular support following the December 1918 "Coupon" election. His government had extended the franchise to all men and some women earlier in the year. Lloyd George was a major player in Paris Peace Conference of 1919 but the situation in Ireland worsened that year, erupting into the Irish War of Independence which lasted until Lloyd George negotiated independence for the Irish Free State in 1921. At home he initiated reforms to education and housing but trade union militancy entered record levels, the economy became depressed in 1920 and unemployment rose; spending cuts followed (1921–22) and he was embroiled in a scandal over the sale of honours and the Chanak Crisis in 1922. Bonar Law won backbench support for the Conservatives to contend the next election alone. Lloyd George resigned; with his party split between his and Asquith's supporters, his faction won just over 50 seats in the 1922 election, Asquith's just over 60. The next year the pair reunited to oppose Stanley Baldwin's tariff proposal which he put to the country. The Liberals made gains in 1923 but remained third after the Conservatives and Labour, propping up a Labour minority government; they never regained their status as second party and, when the Labour government fell, went down to just over 40 seats in 1924 under Asquith. Lloyd George led the Liberals from 1926 to 1931, putting forward innovative proposals for public works; this failed to convert into seats in 1929 and from 1931 he was a marginalised and mistrusted figure heading a small rump of breakaway Liberals opposed to the National Government. He declined an offer to serve in Winston Churchill's War Cabinet in 1940 and was raised to the peerage in 1945, shortly before his death.

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Commemorated on 5 plaques

Nick Harrison on Flickr
David Lloyd George
Elliott Brown on Flickr
Elliott Brown on Flickr
Elliott Brown on Flickr

David Lloyd George Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor 1863-1945 Prime Minister lived here

3 Routh Road, Wandsworth Common, SW18 Wandsworth, London, United Kingdom where they lived

David Lloyd George [full inscription unknown]

Lloyd George Mansions, 191 Trinity Road, SW18, London, United Kingdom where they was

Bedd David Lloyd George ~ (Iarll Dwyfor) ~ Y maen garw, a maen ei goron, yw bedd Gwr i'w bodl fu'n wron; Dyfrliw hardd yw Dwyfor lon, Anwesa'r bedd yn gyson. W.R.P. George

English translation: Bedd David Lloyd George ~ (Earl of Dwyfor) ~ The grave is the rough mound and its crown She was a womb; Dwyfor lon is a beautiful watercolor, Angry the grave constantly. W.R.P. George

Grave of David Lloyd George near the Afon Dwyfor, Llanystumdwy, United Kingdom where they was buried (1945)

This Centenary Memorial Garden was presented by the Royal Air Force to commemorate the role of Prime Minister David Lloyd George in the decision to create the Royal Air Force, which was enacted by Act of Parliament on 29 November 1917, forming as the world's first independent Air Force on 1 April 1918. Opened on 12 January 2018 by Edmund S Bailey Esq. HM Lord-Lieutenant of Gwynedd and Chief Marshal Sir Stephen Hillier KCB CBE DFC ADC MA Chief of the Air Staff. [full inscription unknown]

Between the Lloyd George Museum and Highgate (childhood home of David Lloyd George), Llanystumdwy, United Kingdom where they was

1981 Director John Hefin Writer Elaine Morgan The Life and Times of David Lloyd George Mae'r plac hywn yn dathlu 25an Mlynedd ers ffilmio'r gyfres teledu glasurol a chynhyrchwyd gan BBC Cymru. Ffilmiwyd nifer o olygfeydd y gyfres yn lleol This plaque commemorates the 25th Anniversary of the filming of this classic TV series made by BBC Wales, many scenes in the series were filmed locally Dadorchuddiwydd y plac Plaque unveiled by Philip Madoc 6 Hydred / October 2006

English translation: 1981 Director John Hefin Writer Elaine Morgan The Life and Times of David Lloyd George This plaque commemorates the 25th Anniversary of the filming of this classic TV series made by BBC Wales, many scenes in the series were filmed locally Plaque unveiled by Philip Madoc 6 October 2006

Lloyd George Museum, Llanystumdwy, United Kingdom where they lived