King John II of France

prisoner of war and 11th King of France (1350-1364)

Died aged 44

John II (French: Jean II; 26 April 1319 – 8 April 1364), called John the Good (French: Jean le Bon), was King of France from 1350 until his death in 1364. When he came to power, France faced several disasters: the Black Death, which killed nearly 40% of its population; popular revolts known as Jacqueries; free companies (Grandes Compagnies) of routiers who plundered the country; and English aggression that resulted in catastrophic military losses, including the Battle of Poitiers of 1356, in which John was captured. While John was a prisoner in London, his son Charles became regent and faced several rebellions, which he overcame. To liberate his father, he concluded the Treaty of Brétigny (1360), by which France lost many territories and paid an enormous ransom. In an exchange of hostages, which included his second son Louis, Duke of Anjou, John was released from captivity to raise funds for his ransom. Upon his return to France, he created the franc to stabilize the currency and tried to get rid of the free companies by sending them to a crusade, but Pope Innocent VI died shortly before their meeting in Avignon. When John was informed that Louis had escaped from captivity, he voluntarily returned to England, where he died in 1364. He was succeeded by his son Charles V.

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Commemorated on 4 plaques

Here John of Valois King of France when brought to England as a captive by the Black Prince after the Battle of Poitiers, was entertained as a prisoner of war, and died on April 8th 1364. Also in the Palace of The Savoy, Geoffrey Chaucer first great English poet, came to dine many times with John of Gaunt, and here wrote many of his poems

Savoy Court, WC2R 0ET, London, United Kingdom where they died (1364) and was imprisoned

John..King of France was detained in a house on this site after his capture at Poitiers in 1356 and before his removal to Hertford Castle...between 1420-1440 an was built here by the Abbey of St. Albans. Part of a window of the original building is in the County Museum Hatfield Rd. The inn faced the market square and was a meeting place for farmers and cattle dealers. In the sixteenth century it was considerably enlarged and the courtyard was formed.

French Row, St Albans, United Kingdom where they was detained (1356)

The Fleur de lys This inn (built 1420-1440) stands on the site of the house where King John of France was detained after the Battle of Poitiers in 1356

French Row, St Albans, United Kingdom where they was detained (1356)

The Clock Tower built between 1403 and 1412 A mediaeval belfry almost unique in England, it contains a large curfew bell dating from 1335. The adjacent French Row was occupied by the Dauphin's troops in 1216. In the Fleur-de-lys Inn, King John of France was detained for a time in 1356

London Rd/Market Place, St Albans, United Kingdom where they was detained near (1356)