Stuart Sutcliffe

Died aged 21

Stuart Fergusson Victor Sutcliffe (23 June 1940 – 10 April 1962) was a Scottish painter and musician best known as the original bass guitarist of the English rock band the Beatles. Sutcliffe left the band to pursue his career as a painter, having previously attended the Liverpool College of Art. Sutcliffe and John Lennon are credited with inventing the name "Beetles" (sic), as they both liked Buddy Holly's band, the Crickets. They also had a fascination of group names with double meanings (as Crickets, for example, the word referring to both an insect as well as a sport), so Lennon then came up with "The Beatles", from the word beat (though Lennon's original spelling was "Beatals"). As a member of the group when it was a five-piece band, Sutcliffe is one of several people sometimes referred to as the "Fifth Beatle". When he performed with the Beatles in Hamburg, he met photographer Astrid Kirchherr, to whom he was later engaged. After leaving the Beatles, he enrolled in the Hamburg College of Art, studying under future pop artist Eduardo Paolozzi, who later wrote a report stating that Sutcliffe was one of his best students. Sutcliffe earned other praise for his paintings, which mostly explored a style related to abstract expressionism. While studying in West Germany, Sutcliffe began suffering from intense headaches and experiencing acute light sensitivity. In February 1962, he collapsed in the middle of an art class after complaining of head pains. German doctors performed tests, but were unable to determine what was causing the headaches. After collapsing again on 10 April 1962, he was taken to hospital, but died in the ambulance on the way there. The cause of death was later found to have been a brain haemorrhage – severe bleeding in the right ventricle of his brain.

Wikidata Wikipedia

band member of The Dissenters 1960 and band member of The Beatles 1960-61

Commemorated on 2 plaques

This plaque commemorates John Lennon's 'other band' (which never played a note) The Dissenters writer Bill Harry (1939-) musician John Lennon (1940-80) artist Stuart Sutcliffe (1941-62) artist Rod Murray (1937-) In June 1960 these 4 art students attended a poetry reading by Royston Ellis (The 'Paperback Writer' in Paul McCartney's song 1966); Ellis's work was heavily influenced by Allen Ginsberg and other Americans. Afterwards, the 4 came here to discuss what they'd heard. They were unimpressed and decided to put Liverpool 'on the map' each in their own way as 'The Dissenters'; The rest is...

Ye Cracke, 13 Rice Stree, Liverpool, United Kingdom where they formed a band (1960)

The Beatles on tour. St. Thomas' Hall. 50th anniversary of the appearance of Johnny Gentle and his group The Silver Beetles. George Harrison, John Lennon, Paul McCartney, Tommy Moore & Stuart Sutcliffe 25th May 1960

, Keith, United Kingdom where they played (1960)