The Beatles
(1960-1970)

group, band, and band managed by

c. 10

The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960. The group, whose best-known line-up comprised John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr, are regarded as the most influential band of all time. They were integral to the development of 1960s counterculture and popular music's recognition as an art form. Rooted in skiffle, beat and 1950s rock and roll, their sound incorporated elements of classical music and traditional pop in innovative ways; the band later explored music styles ranging from ballads and Indian music to psychedelia and hard rock. As pioneers in recording, songwriting and artistic presentation, the Beatles revolutionised many aspects of the music industry and were often publicised as leaders of the era's youth and sociocultural movements. Led by primary songwriters Lennon and McCartney, the Beatles built their reputation playing clubs in Liverpool and Hamburg over three years from 1960, initially with Stuart Sutcliffe playing bass. The core trio of Lennon, McCartney and Harrison, together since 1958, went through a succession of drummers, including Pete Best, before asking Starr to join them in 1962. Manager Brian Epstein moulded them into a professional act, and producer George Martin guided and developed their recordings, greatly expanding their domestic success after their first hit, "Love Me Do", in late 1962. As their popularity grew into the intense fan frenzy dubbed "Beatlemania", the band acquired the nickname "the Fab Four", with Epstein, Martin and other members of the band's entourage sometimes given the informal title of "fifth Beatle". By early 1964, the Beatles were international stars, leading the "British Invasion" of the United States pop market, breaking numerous sales records, and inspiring Britain's cultural resurgence. They soon made their film debut with A Hard Day's Night (1964). From 1965 onwards, they produced records of greater complexity, including the albums Rubber Soul (1965), Revolver (1966) and Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967), and enjoyed further commercial success with The Beatles (also known as "the White Album", 1968) and Abbey Road (1969). Heralding the album era, their success elevated the album to be the dominant form of record consumption over singles; they also inspired a greater public interest in psychedelic drugs and Eastern spirituality, and furthered advancements in electronic music, album art and music videos. In 1968, they founded Apple Corps, a multi-armed multimedia corporation that continues to oversee projects related to the band's legacy. After the group's break-up in 1970, all four members enjoyed success as solo artists. Lennon was shot and killed in 1980, and Harrison died of lung cancer in 2001. McCartney and Starr remain musically active. The Beatles are the best-selling music act of all time, with estimated sales of 600 million units worldwide. They hold the record for most number-one albums on the UK Albums Chart (15), most number-one hits on the Billboard Hot 100 chart (20), and most singles sold in the UK (21.9 million). The band received many accolades, including seven Grammy Awards, four Brit Awards, an Academy Award (for Best Original Song Score for the 1970 film Let It Be) and fifteen Ivor Novello Awards. They were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988, and all four main members were inducted individually between 1994 and 2015. In 2004 and 2011, the group topped Rolling Stone's lists of the greatest artists in history. Time magazine named them among the 20th century's 100 most important people.

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Commemorated on 25 plaques

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Rodhullandemu on Wikimedia Commons
Rodhullandemu on Wikimedia Commons
Nick Harrison on Flickr

The Beatles performed at the Grosvenor Rooms on May 17th 1963, before queuing with fans for chips at Valori's on Rose Lane

Grosvenor House, 112-114 Prince of Wales Road, Norwich, United Kingdom where it performed (1963)

Casbah Coffee Club birthplace of The Beatles established 29th August 1959

8 Hayman's Green, West Derby, Liverpool, United Kingdom where it was born (1960)

At this site on 9 April 1960, Geoff Hogarth & Harry Ormesher opened... The Iron Door, Cradle of Mersey Beat ...Bringing us the sound that conquered the World. The Beatles' (as the Silver Beetles) first show here 15 May 1960. Kenny Ball, The Big Three, Cilla Black, Lee Curtis, Faron's Flamingos, Gerry & The Pacemakers, Billy J Kramer, The Remo Four, The Searchers, Freddie Starr, Rory Storm, Kingsize Taylor , Karl Terry, The Undertakers & many others.

13 Temple Street, Liverpool, United Kingdom where it played their first gig (1960)

363 Oxford Street July 1921 - April 2000 HMV Site of the original HMV store Opened by Sir Edward Elgar in July 1921, the HMV store shaped the way people bought music for nearly a century In 1962 it played a significant role in the career of The Beatles. A 78RPM demo disc of the band was cut in the store's recording studio. This led to the Beatles' long-term recording contract with EMI The world's most famous music store

363 Oxford Street, W1, London, United Kingdom where it cut a demo disk (1962)

The Beatles played at the Tower Ballroom, New Brighton on 27 occasions. 1961 - 1963

Tower Grounds, Tower Promenade, New Brighton, United Kingdom where it played at the Tower Ballroom, New Brighton on 27 occasions (1961-1963)

The Ritz Ballroom was one of four music venues run in the 1950s-60s by the Irish husband & wife team Joe (Pa) & Mary (Ma) Regan. Originally the Ideal Cinema and then a billiards hall, this building was converted into the Ritz Ballroom by the Regans using wood from a previous Royal Yacht Britannia. Most of the famous 1960's pop artists appeared here including:- The Beatles on 15th Februrary 1963, The Rolling Stones on 14th September 1963, The Moody Blues on 28th March 1965, Robert Plant on 24th April 1966, The Kinks on 11th June 1966 and Pink Floyd on 16th December 1967. They were all supported by many local groups such as The Modernaires. The Regans later converted this building into a bingo hall. Joe Regan died in 2004 and Mary in 2008. The Ritz Ballroom Music Heritage Plate No. 1 July 2012

Cash Converters, York Road, Kings Heath, Birmingham, United Kingdom where it played (1963)

The Kursaal. Harrogate Council's 1898 competition for the design of a Kursaal or "Cure Hall" was won by London architect Robert Beale, who worked with Frank Matcham, England's most celebrated theatrical designer. The Kursaal was opened by Sir Hubert Parry on 28th May 1903 and is the only remaining building of its type in the country. Intended to complement the town's other spa facilities the Kursaal contained many innovations that provided great flexibility of use. Renamed the "Royal Hall" in 1918, the building has been host to the greatest artists of the day - from Sir Edward Elgar to The Beatles. Following a complete restoration from 2006-8, Matcham's spectacular interior now contains more gold leaf than any similar auditorium in England. The much-loved building was reopened by HRH The Prince of Wales, patron of the Royal Hall Restoration Trust, on 22nd January 2008.

Ripon Road, Harrogate, United Kingdom where it played

Llwybr Mosaig Cysylltiadau Glannau Mersi. Y Beatles. Fe wnaeth y grwp pop chwedlonol o Lerpwl, y Beatles, berfformio yn Neuadd Ddawns Regent Dansette Y Rhyl ar dydd Sadwrn 14 Gorffennaf 1962. Merseyside Connections Mosaic Trail. The Beatles. The legendary pop group, the Beatles, performed in Rhyl's Dansette Ballroom on Saturday 14 July 1962.

Railway Station, Elwy Street, Rhyl, United Kingdom where it performed (1962)

The Beatles 1960s rock band filmed the start of The Magical Mystery Tour here 1967

Rain Grill, High Street, West Malling, United Kingdom where it filmed (1967)

The Beatles. Ringo Starr made his official debut here on 18th August 1962

Hulme Hall, Liverpool, United Kingdom where it played (1962)

The Beatles on tour. St. Thomas' Hall. 50th anniversary of the appearance of Johnny Gentle and his group The Silver Beetles. George Harrison, John Lennon, Paul McCartney, Tommy Moore & Stuart Sutcliffe 25th May 1960

, Keith, United Kingdom where it played (1960)

The Highland Council The Beatles Played Here 4th January 1963

Dingwall Town Hall, Church Street, Dingwall, United Kingdom where it played (1963)

'The Beatles' played here, their first performance in Wales, formerly the Regent Dansette Ballroom, Rhyl on Saturday 14th July 1962

Former Dorothy Perkins store, High Street, Rhyl, United Kingdom where it played (1963)

THE BEATLES Is anseo i bPictiúrlann Adelphi a bhí an t-aon dá cheolchoirm i mBaile Átha Cliath acu. 7 Samhain 1963. Performed their only two Dublin concerts here at the Adelphi Cinema 7th November 1963

Middle Abbey Street, Dublin, Ireland where it performed (1963)

The Beatles stayed here in October 1964

Four Seasons Hotel, St Fillans, United Kingdom where it stayed (1964)

The Beatles played their last live performance on the roof of this building 30th January 1969

3 Savile Row, London, United Kingdom where it played (1969)

Hessys Music Centre 1959-1996 62 Stanley Street Where the Beatles bought their musical instruments. In Tribute to all Liverpool musicians groups and entertainers

62 Stanley Street, Liverpool, United Kingdom where it bought musical instruments

The Beatles performed here at Stowe School 4th April 1963

Stowe School, Stowe, United Kingdom where it sited

"Yesterday" The Grosvenor Ballroom was among the first venues to hear a sound that was to change popular music forever. The Beatles played here in the sixties during their formative years before conquering the world. The Fab Four became part of history - The Grosvenor is part of that history.

The Grosvenor Ballroom (inside), Liverpool, United Kingdom where it played

The Grosvenor. This plaque is to commemorate that The Beatles played regularly here between June 1960 & Sept 1961

The Grosvenor Ballroom, Liverpool, United Kingdom where it played

VICTORIA HALL, BEBINGTON/This plaque is to commemorate that The Beatles played here on the 4th August 1962

Victoria Hall, Village Road, Higher Bebington, United Kingdom where it played (1962)

THE BEATLES/played here on 17 occasions in 1962 and 1963/Formerly Majestic Ballroom

46 Conway Street, Birkenhead, United Kingdom where it played (1962-1963)

The back room of this pub was used by The Beatles. This has been confirmed by Bob Wooler, Cavern DJ and Allan Williams, The Beatles first manager.

Rainford Gardens, Liverpool, United Kingdom where it practiced music

The Beatles played here on 26th March 1962 Formerly the Apollo Roller Rink

Pasture Road, Moreton, Wirral, United Kingdom where it played (1962)

The Olympic Cinema This was built as Byfeld Hall in 1906, on the site of Byfield House, the 17th century residence of a former Governor of St Helena. The hall was a cinema and a theatre; Charles Laughton, John Gielgud and Claude Rains first trod the boards here. In 1966 it became a famous recording studio where The Rolling Stones, The Beatles, Led Zeppelin, Jimi Hendrix, David Bowie, Madonna, Massive Attack and many more recorded. U2 were the last to record here in 2009. It has reverted to its former use as a cinema once again. The Homestead (to the left) is 18th century, but the cottage next door is later

Church Rd, Barnes, London, United Kingdom where it sited