Robert Louis Stevenson

Died aged 44

Robert Louis Stevenson (born Robert Lewis Balfour Stevenson; 13 November 1850 – 3 December 1894) was a Scottish novelist, essayist, poet and travel writer. He is best known for works such as Treasure Island, Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, Kidnapped and A Child's Garden of Verses. Born and educated in Edinburgh, Stevenson suffered from serious bronchial trouble for much of his life, but continued to write prolifically and travel widely in defiance of his poor health. As a young man, he mixed in London literary circles, receiving encouragement from Andrew Lang, Edmund Gosse, Leslie Stephen and W. E. Henley, the last of whom may have provided the model for Long John Silver in Treasure Island. In 1890, he settled in Samoa where, alarmed at increasing European and American influence in the South Sea islands, his writing turned away from romance and adventure fiction toward a darker realism. He died in his island home in 1894 at age 44. A celebrity in his lifetime, Stevenson's critical reputation has fluctuated since his death, though today his works are held in general acclaim. In 2018 he was ranked, just behind Charles Dickens, as the 26th-most-translated author in the world.

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Family tree

Commemorated on 15 plaques

Robert Louis Stevenson lived at Skerryvore overlooking this chine from 1884 to 1887

Alum Chine, near to 61 Alum Chine Road, Bournemouth, United Kingdom where they lived

Robert Louis Stevenson 1850-1894 author lived here

7 Mount Vernon, Hampstead, London, United Kingdom where they lived

The home of Robert Louis Stevenson 1857-1880

17 Heriot Row, Edinburgh, United Kingdom where they lived

Robert Louis Stevenson lodged at 608 Bush Street, December 1879 to March 1880, and there wrote essays, poems, autobiography and fiction.

608 Bush Street, San Francisco, CA, United States where they stayed (1879-1880)

Robert Louis Stevenson lived here in autumn 1868.

Custom House, Harbour Terrace, KW1 5HB, Wick, United Kingdom where they lived (1868)

1850 1894 In this hall Robert Louis Stevenson first went to school circa 1857

14 Canonmills, EH3 5LH, Edinburgh, United Kingdom where they attended school (1857)

Robert Louis Stevenson a frequent visitor to the Spa from his childhood (1853) until a university student (1865). He stayed with his family at many hotels and lodging houses, deriving inspiration from the area for his later writings. Stevenson's Cave on the riverside walk to Dunblane was a favourite haunt and may have acted as the model for Ben Gunn's cave in "Treasure Island"

TBC, Bridge of Allan, United Kingdom where they visited (1853-1865)

R. L. Stevenson. Poet and Novelist. Stayed at this hotel on his visit to Cockermouth in 1871.

Globe Hotel, Main Street, Cockermouth, United Kingdom where they stayed (1871)

Here dwelt Robert Louis Stevenson during the winter 1887-1888 "I was walking in the verandah of a small house outside the hamlet of Saranac. It was winter; the night was very dark. The air clear and cold and sweet with purity of forests. For the making of a story here were fine conditions. "COME, SAID I TO MY ENGINE, LET US MAKE A TALE." The Genesis of Ballantrae. Here he wrote "The Master of Ballantrae", "A Christmas Sermon," "The Lantern Bearers", "Pulvis et Umbra," "Beggars" "Gentlemen", "A Chapter on Dreams.”

11 Stevenson Lane, Saranac Lake, NY, United States where they lived (1887-1888)

Robert Louis Stevenson [full inscription unknown]

, Edinburgh, United Kingdom where they was

Robert Louis Stevenson was born in this house on 13th November 1850

8 Howard Place , Edinburgh, United Kingdom where they was born (1850)

In honour of Robert Louis Stevenson 1859-1894. Poet, author of Treasure Island, Kidnapped, Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. Alumnus of the University.

7 George Square, Edinburgh, United Kingdom where they studied

Robert Louis Stevenson 1850-1894 Treasure Island

High Street, North Berwick, United Kingdom where they was near

Here during 1883-1884 lived the English author Robert Louis Stevenson he declared "I was only happy once, that was at Hyères"

Chalet la Solitude, 4 Rue Victor Basch, Hyères, France where they lived (1883-1884)

Robert Louis Stevenson Écrivain écossais 1850-1894 Venant de Barbizon R.L.Stevenson rencontra Fanny son épouse à Grez en 1876 Crossing the forest from Barbizon R.L.Stevenson met Fanny his wife in Grez in 1876

114 Rue Wilson, Grez-sur-Loing, Île-de-France, France where they was (1876)