Sir Charles Lyell 1st Baronet

geologist, Knight Bachelor (from 1848), and 1st Baronet Lyell of Kinnordy (from 1864)

Died aged c. 78

Sir Charles Lyell, 1st Baronet, FRS (14 November 1797 – 22 February 1875) was a British lawyer and the foremost geologist of his day. He is best known as the author of Principles of Geology, which popularized James Hutton's concepts of uniformitarianism—the idea that the Earth was shaped by the same processes still in operation today. Principles of Geology also challenged theories popularized by Georges Cuvier, which were the most accepted and circulated ideas about geology in England at the time. His scientific contributions included an explanation of earthquakes, the theory of gradual "backed up-building" of volcanoes, and in stratigraphy the division of the Tertiary period into the Pliocene, Miocene, and Eocene. He also coined the currently-used names for geological eras, Paleozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic. He incorrectly conjectured that icebergs may be the emphasis behind the transport of glacial erratics, and that silty loess deposits might have settled out of flood waters. Lyell was one of the first to believe that the world is older than 300 million years, on the basis of its geological anomalies. He was a close friend of Charles Darwin, and contributed significantly to Darwin's thinking on the processes involved in evolution. He helped to arrange the simultaneous publication in 1858 of papers by Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace on natural selection, despite his personal religious qualms about the theory. He later published evidence from geology of the time man had existed on Earth.

Wikidata Wikipedia

Commemorated on 2 plaques

Spudgun67 on Wikimedia Commons
Jez Nicholson on Flickr

In a house on this site lived from 1854-1875 Sir Charles Lyell 1797-1875 geologist,and from 1876-1882 William Ewart Gladstone 1809-1898 statesman

73 Harley Street, Westminster, W1, London, United Kingdom where they lived

Sir Charles Lyell BART FRS Geologist. Born Kinnordy Kirriemuir 1797. Died London 1875. Pioneering scientist and explorer whose principles of geology & elements of geology became a foundation stone of modern day geology, he was mentor and friend of Charles Darwin. Hylonomus lyelli

, Kirriemuir, United Kingdom where they was born near (1797)