Marcus Garvey
(1887-1940)

Died aged c. 53

Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr., ONH (17 August 1887 – 10 June 1940), was a Jamaican political leader, publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, and orator who was a proponent of the Pan-Africanism movement, to which end he founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL). He also founded the Black Star Line, a shipping and passenger line which promoted the return of the African diaspora to their ancestral lands. Prior to the 20th century, leaders such as Prince Hall, Martin Delany, Edward Wilmot Blyden, and Henry Highland Garnet advocated the involvement of the African diaspora in African affairs. Garvey was unique in advancing a Pan-African philosophy to inspire a global mass movement and economic empowerment focusing on Africa known as Garveyism. Promoted by the UNIA as a movement of African Redemption, Garveyism would eventually inspire others, ranging from the Nation of Islam to the Rastafari movement (some sects of which proclaim Garvey as a prophet.) Garveyism intended persons of African ancestry in the diaspora to "redeem" the nations of Africa and for the European colonial powers to leave the continent. His essential ideas about Africa were stated in an editorial in the Negro World entitled "African Fundamentalism", where he wrote: "Our union must know no clime, boundary, or nationality… to let us hold together under all climes and in every country…"

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Commemorated on 5 plaques

Marcus Garvey 1887-1940 pan-Africanist leader lived and died here

53 Talgarth Road, Hammersmith and Fulham, W14, London, United Kingdom where they lived and died (1940)

This building was the headquarters of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) from 1935-1940. The UNIA is an international Pan African movement founded by Marcus Mosiah Garvey in 1914

2 Beaumont Crescent, London, United Kingdom where they lived

On this site Mr Marcus Garvey held his first public meetings in the United States in the year 1916

Saint Mark the Evangelist Catholic Church, 65 West 138th Street, New York, NY, United States where they held his first public meetings in the United States (1916)

Marcus Garvey black visionary, philosopher and liberator

2 Beaumont Crescent, London, United Kingdom where they was

Birthplace. The Right Excellent Marcus Mosiah Garvey Jamaica's 1st National Hero was born on this site on August 17 1887

32 Market Street, St Ann's Bay, Jamaica where they was born (1887)