Kwame Nkrumah
(1909-1972)

Died aged c. 63

Kwame Nkrumah (21 September 1909 – 27 April 1972) was a Ghanaian politician and revolutionary. He was the first Prime Minister and President of Ghana, having led the Gold Coast to independence from Britain in 1957. An influential advocate of pan-Africanism, Nkrumah was a founding member of the Organization of African Unity and winner of the Lenin Peace Prize from the Soviet Union in 1962. After twelve years abroad pursuing higher education, developing his political philosophy and organizing with other diasporic pan-Africanists, Nkrumah returned to the Gold Coast to begin his political career as an advocate of national independence. He formed the Convention People's Party, which achieved rapid success through its unprecedented appeal to the common voter. He became Prime Minister in 1952 and retained the position when Ghana declared independence from Britain in 1957. In 1960, Ghanaians approved a new constitution and elected Nkrumah President. His administration was primarily socialist as well as nationalist. It funded national industrial and energy projects, developed a strong national education system and promoted a pan-Africanist culture. Under Nkrumah, Ghana played a leading role in African international relations during the decolonization period. In 1964, a constitutional amendment made Ghana a one-party state, with Nkrumah as president for life of both the nation and its party. Nkrumah was deposed in 1966 by the National Liberation Council which under the supervision of international financial institutions privatized many of the country's state corporations. Nkrumah lived the rest of his life in Guinea, of which he was named honorary co-president.

DbPedia
Wikidata Wikipedia

Commemorated on 2 plaques

Spudgun67 on Wikimedia Commons
Peter Hughes on Flickr

Kwame Nkrumah 1909-1972 first President of Ghana lived here 1945-1947

60 Burghley Road, Camden, Camden, NW5, London, United Kingdom where they lived

Fifth Pan African Conference was held here 15th - 21st October 1945. Decisions taken at this conference led to liberation of African countries. Participants in this historic event included Ras Makonnen, Kwame Nkrumah, Jomo Kenyatta, Amy Garvey, W.E. Du Bois, George Padmore

Chorlton Town Hall, Chorlton-on-Medlock, Cavendish Street, Manchester, United Kingdom where they participated