Cardinal John Henry Newman
(1801-1890)

Died aged c. 89

John Henry Newman CO (21 February 1801 – 11 August 1890) was a Catholic cardinal and theologian who was an important figure in the religious history of England in the 19th century. He was known nationally by the mid-1830s. Originally an evangelical Oxford University academic and priest in the Church of England, Newman then became drawn to the high-church tradition of Anglicanism. He became known as a leader of, and an able polemicist for, the Oxford Movement, an influential and controversial grouping of Anglicans who wished to return to the Church of England many Catholic beliefs and liturgical rituals from before the English Reformation. In this the movement had some success. However, in 1845 Newman, joined by some but not all of his followers, left the Church of England and his teaching post at Oxford University and was received into the Catholic Church. He was quickly ordained as a priest and continued as an influential religious leader, based in Birmingham. In 1879, he was created a cardinal by Pope Leo XIII in recognition of his services to the cause of the Catholic Church in England. He was instrumental in the founding of the Catholic University of Ireland, which evolved into University College Dublin, today the largest university in Ireland. Newman's beatification was officially proclaimed by Pope Benedict XVI on 19 September 2010 during his visit to the United Kingdom. His canonisation is dependent on the documentation of additional miracles attributed to his intercession. Newman was also a literary figure of note: his major writings including the Tracts for the Times (1833–1841), his autobiography Apologia Pro Vita Sua (1865–66), the Grammar of Assent (1870), and the poem The Dream of Gerontius (1865), which was set to music in 1900 by Edward Elgar. He wrote the popular hymns "Lead, Kindly Light" and "Praise to the Holiest in the Height" (taken from Gerontius).

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Commemorated on 8 plaques

Spudgun67 on Wikimedia Commons
Elliott Brown on Flickr
Spudgun67 on Wikimedia Commons
Spudgun67 on Wikimedia Commons
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Cardinal John Henry Newman
Paul The Archivist on Flickr

In this house John Henry Newman 1801-1890 later Cardinal Newman spent some of his early years

Grey Court, Ham Street, Richmond Upon Thames, London, United Kingdom where they lived

John Henry Cardinal Newman 1801-1890 founder of the English Oratory lived here from 1852 to 1890

Oratory Church, Hagley Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom where they lived

St. Patrick's House of the Catholic university University College 1854-1909. John Henry Newman, Rector 1852-59, Gerard Manley Hopkins, Professor of Greek 1884-89, James Augustine Joyce, student 1899-1902

Merrion Square South, Dublin, Ireland where they rector

In a house near this spot John Henry, Cardinal Newman was born 21st February 1801

60 Threadneedle Street, London, United Kingdom where they was born near (1801)

Here in early life lived John Henry Cardinal Newman Born 1801 Died 1890

17 Southampton Place, Holborn, London, United Kingdom where they lived

In the garden of this house John Henry Newman 1801 - 1890 built University Church 1856

87A St Stephen's Green West, Dublin, Ireland where they built University Church

Cardinal John Henry Newman [full inscription unknown]

near Westminster Cathedral, Victoria, London, United Kingdom where they was

John Henry Newman 1801-1890 Later Cardinal, lived here with his parents from 1816-1819

59 High Street, Alton, United Kingdom where they lived (1816-1819)