Sir richard arkwright by mather brown 1790
Sir richard arkwright by mather brown 1790
Sir Richard Arkwright

Died aged c. 60

Sir Richard Arkwright (23 December 1732 in Preston – 3 August 1792 in Cromford) was an inventor and a leading entrepreneur during the early Industrial Revolution. Although his patents were eventually overturned, he is credited with inventing the spinning frame, which following the transition to water power was renamed the water frame. He also patented a rotary carding engine that transformed raw cotton into cotton lap. Arkwright's achievement was to combine power, machinery, semi-skilled labour and the new raw material of cotton to create mass-produced yarn. His skills of organization made him, more than anyone else, the creator of the modern factory system, especially in his mill at Cromford, Derbyshire, now preserved as part of the Derwent Valley Mills World Heritage Site. Later in his life Arkwright was known as 'the Father of the Industrial Revolution'.

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Family tree

Commemorated on 2 plaques

Sir Richard Arkwright 1732-1792 industrialist and inventor lived here

8 Adam Street, Westminster, WC2, London, United Kingdom where he lived

Sir Richard Arkwright (1732-1792) lived here in 1768 while he developed his cotton spinning machine

Syke Hill, Preston, United Kingdom where he lived