Sir Ernest Shackleton OBE CVO
(1874-1922)

Died aged c. 48

Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton CVO OBE FRGS (/ˈʃækəltən/; 15 February 1874 – 5 January 1922) was a polar explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic, and one of the principal figures of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. Born in Kilkea, Athy, County Kildare, Ireland, Shackleton and his Anglo-Irish family moved to Sydenham in suburban south London when he was ten. His first experience of the polar regions was as third officer on Captain Robert Falcon Scott's Discovery Expedition 1901–04, from which he was sent home early on health grounds, after he and his companions Scott and Wilson set a new southern record by marching to latitude 82°S. During the second expedition 1907–1909 he and three companions established a new record Farthest South latitude at 88°S, only 97 geographical miles (112 statute miles, 180 km) from the South Pole, the largest advance to the pole in exploration history. Also, members of his team climbed Mount Erebus, the most active Antarctic volcano. For these achievements, Shackleton was knighted by King Edward VII on his return home. After the race to the South Pole ended in December 1911 with Roald Amundsen's conquest, Shackleton turned his attention to the crossing of Antarctica from sea to sea, via the pole. To this end he made preparations for what became the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition, 1914–17. Disaster struck this expedition when its ship, Endurance, became trapped in pack ice and was slowly crushed before the shore parties could be landed. The crew escaped by camping on the sea ice until it disintegrated, then by launching the lifeboats to reach Elephant Island and ultimately the inhabited island of South Georgia, a stormy ocean voyage of 720 nautical miles and Shackleton's most famous exploit. In 1921, he returned to the Antarctic with the Shackleton–Rowett Expedition, but died of a heart attack while his ship was moored in South Georgia. At his wife's request he was buried there. Away from his expeditions, Shackleton's life was generally restless and unfulfilled. In his search for rapid pathways to wealth and security, he launched business ventures which failed to prosper, and he died heavily in debt. Upon his death, he was lauded in the press, but was thereafter largely forgotten, while the heroic reputation of his rival Scott was sustained for many decades. Later in the 20th century, Shackleton was "rediscovered", and rapidly became a role model for leadership as one who, in extreme circumstances, kept his team together in a survival story described by cultural historian Stephanie Barczewski as "incredible".

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Commemorated on 5 plaques

Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton 1874-1922 Antarctic explorer lived here

12 Westwood Hill, SE26 Lewisham, London, United Kingdom where he lived

Sir Ernest Shackleton 1874-1922 Antarctic Explorer lived here

14 Milnthorpe Road, Eastbourne, United Kingdom where he lived

Ernest Shackleton lived here 1874 - 1922 lived here 1880 -1884 Antartic explorer. Leader of men

35 Marlborough Road, Donnybrook, Dublin, Ireland where he lived (1880-1884)

Ernest Shackleton [full inscription unknown]

Athy Heritage Centre and Museum, Town Hall, Emily Square, Athy, Ireland where he was

8th August 1914. Sir Ernest Shackleton, Polar Explorer, and his ship ‘Endurance’ sailed from Millbay Docks at the start of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition (1914-17). Devon & Cornwall Polar Society

Millbay quayside near Soap Street, Plymouth, United Kingdom where he sailed from (1914)