George Stephenson
(1781-1848)

Died aged c. 67

George Stephenson (9 June 1781 – 12 August 1848) was an English civil engineer and mechanical engineer who built the first public inter-city railway line in the world to use steam locomotives, the Liverpool and Manchester Railway which opened in 1830. Renowned as the "Father of Railways", the Victorians considered him a great example of diligent application and thirst for improvement, with self-help advocate Samuel Smiles particularly praising his achievements. His rail gauge of 4 feet 8 1⁄2 inches (1,435 mm), sometimes called "Stephenson gauge", is the standard gauge by name and by convention for most of the world's railways.

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Commemorated on 7 plaques

Photo of George Stephenson and Robert Stephenson blue plaque
Peter Hughes on Flickr
Photo of George Stephenson black plaque
TonyMo22 on Flickr
Photo of George Stephenson grey plaque
Phil Thirkell on Geograph
Photo of George Stephenson and Arthur Wellesley blue plaque
Nick Harrison on Flickr
Photo of George Stephenson blue plaque
Busesmaniac on Flickr
Photo of George Stephenson blue plaque
Ian S on Geograph

High Level Bridge. George Stephenson, first surveyed routes to Berwick in 1838. His son, Robert, 1803 - 1859, designed this bridge. Rail deck opened in 1849 - a major link in a London-Edinburgh railway. The road deck opened in February 1850.

High Level Bridge, Gateshead, United Kingdom where he surveyed routes

1781-1848 George Stephenson Chief Engineer Liverpool & Manchester Railway lived here

34 Upper Parliament Street, Liverpool, United Kingdom where he lived

Locomotion No 1 Locomotion was built to a design originated by George Stephenson, the first President of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. On the opening day of the Stockton and Darlington Railway, 27 September 1825, he drove this engine, hauling the inaugural train, on the world's first steam-worked public railway.

Darlington Railway Museum, North Road Station, Darlington, United Kingdom where he designed (1824) and drove this engine, hauling the inaugural train on the opening day of the Stockton and Darlington Railway, the world's first steam-worked public railway (1825)

George Stephenson 1781-1848. Black Callerton. Stephenson worked at the nearby Dolly Pit from 1801-1802 when he married Frances Henderson (1769-1806), mother of Robert. In 1820 he married Elizabeth Hindmarsh a Black Callerton farmer's daughter.

West Farm, Black Callerton, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom where he worked near (1801-1802)

Stephenson's Railway Station The Liverpool - Manchester line of the station was opened in 1830 by the Duke of Wellington, famous for his victory at Waterloo

Vicarage Grove, Eccles, United Kingdom where he was

George Stephenson 1781-1848 engineer and railway pioneer lived at Tapton House, Chesterfield from 1838 until his death. Buried at Holy Trinity Church Chesterfield

Chesterfield Train Station, Chesterfield, United Kingdom where he lived near (1838-1848)

George Stephenson 1781-1848 Water Row, Newburn. From 1798 to 1801 George Stephenson was in charge of Robert Hawthorn's new pumping engine at Water Row Pit, where George's father, Robert was a fireman.

Newburn, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom where he was