Cardinal The Most Revd and Rt Hon Thomas Wolsey
(1473-1530)

Died aged c. 57

Thomas Wolsey (c. March 1473 – 29 November 1530) was an English archbishop, statesman and a cardinal of the Catholic Church. When Henry VIII became King of England in 1509, Wolsey became the King's almoner. Wolsey's affairs prospered, and by 1514 he had become the controlling figure in virtually all matters of state. He also held important ecclesiastical appointments. These included the Archbishopric of York – the second most important role in the English church – and acting as papal legate. His appointment as a cardinal by Pope Leo X in 1515 gave him precedence over all other English clergy. The highest political position Wolsey attained was Lord Chancellor, the King's chief adviser (formally, as his successor and disciple Thomas Cromwell was not). In that position, he enjoyed great freedom and was often depicted as an alter rex (other king). After failing to negotiate an annulment of Henry's marriage to Catherine of Aragon, Wolsey fell out of favour and was stripped of his government titles. He retreated to York to fulfil his ecclesiastical duties as archbishop, a position he nominally held but had neglected during his years in government. He was recalled to London to answer to charges of treason—a common charge used by Henry against ministers who simply fell out of favour and did not necessarily commit actual treason—but died on the way from natural causes.

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Commemorated on 3 plaques

Keith Evans on Geograph
Nick Harrison on Flickr
Rod Smith on Flickr

Near this 15th century house on the opposite side of the way stood in 1472 the home of Robert and Joan Wolsey, where the great child of honour Thomas Wolsey, cardinal, archbishop, chancellor, passed his boyhood. In hi power and pride he ranked himself with princes and trod the ways of glory. In his fall he died a humble man at Leicester Abbey about the hour of eight on the morning of November 29th 1530 and was there buried at dead of night

47 Nicholas Street, Ipswich, United Kingdom where they lived near

Thomas Wolsey 1473-1530 Cardinal, Archbishop of York and Lord Chancellor of England, ordained priest in this church 10th March 1498

St Peter's Church, High Street , Marlborough, United Kingdom where they was ordained priest

The Palace of the Archbishops of York The Palace was built in the 14th and 15th centuries as the residence of the Archbishops of York. It was refurbished by Cardinal Wolsey, Archbishop of York 1514-30, Lord Chancellor to King Henry VIII. During the English Civil War the palace was occupied by the Scottish Commissioners only to be stripped of its lead by Parliamentarian soldiers and later robbed for building materials. The medieval State Chamber, now known as the Great Hall, and the Chapel survived, the former being used as a Courtroom and school. In 1907 both were incorporated into the Bishop's Manor, the now residence of the Bishops of Southwell. The Great Hall and Chapel are currently used by Minster and Town.

Church Street, Southwell, United Kingdom where they lived