Harriet Martineau

Died aged c. 74

Harriet Martineau (/ˈmɑːrtənˌoʊ/; 12 June 1802 – 27 June 1876) was a British social theorist and Whig writer, often cited as the first female sociologist. Martineau wrote many books and a multitude of essays from a sociological, holistic, religious, domestic, and perhaps most controversially, feminine perspective; she also translated various works from Auguste Comte. She earned enough to be supported entirely by her writing, a rare feat for a woman in the Victorian era. A young Princess Victoria enjoyed reading Martineau's publications. The queen invited Martineau to her coronation in 1838 —an event which Martineau described, in great and amusing detail, to her many readers. Martineau said of her own approach to writing: "when one studies a society, one must focus on all its aspects, including key political, religious, and social institutions". She believed a thorough societal analysis was necessary to understand women's status under men. The novelist Margaret Oliphant said "as a born lecturer and politician she [Martineau] was less distinctively affected by her sex than perhaps any other, male or female, of her generation." Martineau introduced feminist sociological perspectives into her writing on otherwise overlooked issues such as marriage, children, domestic and religious life, and race relations.

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Commemorated on 4 plaques

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Earlham Hall The home of the Gurney family from 1786-1912. It was visited by their many friends including Amelia Opie, Harriet Martineau and William Wilberforce. The hall dates from c 1642.

Earlham Hall, Norwich, United Kingdom where they visited

Harriet Martineau 1802-1876 Authoress and Pioneer in opening many new spheres of work for women Born at Gurney House in the adjacent Court

Gurney House, Norwich, United Kingdom where they was born near (1802)

Harriet Martineau. Novelist, political economist, and England's first woman journalist, regained her health here 1840-1845.

57 Front Street, Tynemouth, United Kingdom where they regained her health (1840-1845)

HARRIET MARTINEAU 1802 - 1876 Writer and social reformer lectured here.

Rydal Road, Ambleside, United Kingdom where they lectured