Earl John Russell

31st Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1846-1852), 1st Earl Russell (from 1861), and 37th Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1865-1866)

Died aged c. 86

John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, KG, GCMG, PC (18 August 1792 – 28 May 1878), known as Lord John Russell before 1861, was a leading Whig and Liberal politician who served as Prime Minister on two occasions during the mid-19th century. Scion of one of the most powerful aristocratic families, his great achievements, says A. J. P. Taylor, were based on his indefatigable battles in Parliament over the years on behalf of the expansion of liberty; after each loss he tried again and again, until finally his efforts were largely successful. Woodward, however, argued that he was too much the abstract theorist, so that "He was more concerned with the removal of obstacles to civil liberty than with the creation of a more reasonable and civilized society. Nevertheless Russell led his Whig Party into support for reform; he was the principal architect of the great Reform Act of 1832. As Prime Minister his luck ran out. He took much of the blame for the government's failures in dealing with the Irish famine. Taylor concludes that as prime minister, he was not a success. Indeed, his Government of 1846 to 1852 was the ruin of the Whig party: it never composed a Government again, and his Government of 1865 to 1866, which might be described as the first Liberal Government, was very nearly the ruin of the Liberal party also.

Wikidata Wikipedia

Commemorated on 2 plaques

Spudgun67 on Wikimedia Commons
Simon Harriyott on Flickr

Lord John Russell 1st Earl Russell 1792-1878 twice Prime Minister lived here

37 Chesham Place, Westminster, SW1, London, United Kingdom where they lived

Lord John Russell [full inscription unknown]

, Brighton, United Kingdom where they lived (1838)