Auguste Comte

Died aged c. 59

Isidore Auguste Marie François Xavier Comte (19 January 1798 – 5 September 1857), better known as Auguste Comte (French: [oɡyst kɔ̃t]), was a French philosopher. He was a founder of the discipline of sociology and of the doctrine of positivism. He is sometimes regarded as the first philosopher of science in the modern sense of the term. Influenced by the utopian socialist Henri Saint-Simon, Comte developed the positive philosophy in an attempt to remedy the social malaise of the French Revolution, calling for a new social doctrine based on the sciences. Comte was a major influence on 19th-century thought, influencing the work of social thinkers such as Karl Marx, John Stuart Mill, and George Eliot. His concept of sociologie and social evolutionism set the tone for early social theorists and anthropologists such as Harriet Martineau and Herbert Spencer, evolving into modern academic sociology presented by Émile Durkheim as practical and objective social research. Comte's social theories culminated in his "Religion of Humanity", which presaged the development of religious humanist and secular humanist organizations in the 19th century. Comte may have coined the word altruisme (altruism).

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Commemorated on 1 plaque

Auguste Comte fondateur du Positivisme habita ici de 1818 a 1822. Il y concut la loi sociologique des trois etats et formula le systeme de classification des sciences

English translation: Augustus Founding Earl of Positivism lived here from 1818 to 1822. It establishes the sociological law of the three states and formulates the system of classification of sciences [AWS Translate]

34 rue Bonaparte, Paris, France where they lived (1818-1822)