Louis Pasteur


Died aged c. 73

Louis Pasteur (/ˈluːi pæˈstɜːr/, French: [lwi pastœʁ]; December 27, 1822 – September 28, 1895) was a French chemist and microbiologist renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation and pasteurization. He is remembered for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and preventions of diseases, and his discoveries have saved countless lives ever since. He reduced mortality from puerperal fever, and created the first vaccines for rabies and anthrax. His medical discoveries provided direct support for the germ theory of disease and its application in clinical medicine. He is best known to the general public for his invention of the technique of treating milk and wine to stop bacterial contamination, a process now called pasteurization. He is regarded as one of the three main founders of bacteriology, together with Ferdinand Cohn and Robert Koch, and is popularly known as the "father of microbiology". Pasteur was responsible for disproving the doctrine of spontaneous generation. He performed experiments that showed that without contamination, microorganisms could not develop. Under the auspices of the French Academy of Sciences, he demonstrated that in sterilized and sealed flasks nothing ever developed, and in sterilized but open flasks microorganisms could grow. This experiment won him the Alhumbert Prize of the academy. Although Pasteur was not the first to propose the germ theory, he developed it and conducted experiments that clearly indicated its correctness and managed to convince most of Europe that it was true. (He was preceded by Girolamo Fracastoro, Agostino Bassi and others, with the significant experimental demonstration by Francesco Redi in the 17th century.) Today, he is often regarded as one of the fathers of germ theory. Pasteur also made significant in chemistry, most notably on the molecular basis for the asymmetry of certain crystals and racemization. Early in his career, his investigation of tartaric acid resulted in the first resolution of what we now call optical isomers. His work led the way to our current understanding of a fundamental principal in the structure of organic compounds. He was the director of the Pasteur Institute, established in 1887, till his death, and his body lies beneath the institute in a vault covered in depictions of his accomplishments in Byzantine mosaics. Although Pasteur made groundbreaking experiments, his reputation became associated with various controversies. Historical reassessment of his notebook revealed that he practiced deception to overcome his rivals.

Wikidata Wikipedia

Commemorated on 5 plaques

Ici fut le Laboratoire de Pasteur. 1857 Fermentations 1860 Gén´rations spontanées 1865 Maladies des Vins et des Bières 1881 Virus et Vaccins 1855 Prophylaxie de la Rage.

English translation: Here was the Pastor's Laboratory. 1857 Fermentations 1860 spontaneous generations 1865 Diseases of Wines and Beers 1881 Viruses and Vaccines 1855 Prophylaxis of the Rage. [AWS Translate]

45, rue d'Ulm, Paris, France where they worked

Pasteur fut en 1838 - 1842-1843 élève de l'institution Barbet qui occupait cet emplacement

English translation: Pasteur was in 1838-1842/1843 a student of the Barbet Institution which occupied this location

8 rue des Feuillantines, Paris, France where they studied

Louis Pasteur 1822-1895 scientifique, fondateur de la microbiologie et découvreur du vaccin contre la rage, est né dans cette maison.

English translation: Louis Pasteur 1822-1895 scientist, founder of microbiology and discoverer of rabies vaccine, was born in this house.

43 rue Pasteur, Dole, France where they was born (1822)

Louis PASTEUR fut baptisé dans cette église le 15 Janvier 1823.

English translation: Louis Pasteur was baptised in this church on January 15, 1823.

Place Nationale, Dole, France where they was baptised (1823)

Louis Pasteur (1822 – 1895) . Doyen de la faculté des sciences de Lille en 1854, c’est dans son laboratoire de Lille que Louis Pasteur commença ses études sur les phénomènes de la fermentation. Après le traitement des vins, ses observations sur la fabrication du vinaigre et de la bière, il triompha de la maladie des vers à soie et aborda l’étiologie des affections virulentes et contagieuses : charbon, septicémie , rouget etc.. La découverte de l’atténuation des virus et la prophylaxie de la rage furent ses suprêmes conquêtes. Ses admirables découvertes, base d’une science nouvelle, le placent au premier rang des bienfaiteurs de l’humanité.

English translation: Louis Pasteur (1822 — 1895). Dean of the Faculty of Sciences of Lille in 1854, it was in his laboratory in Lille that Louis Pasteur began his studies on the phenomena of fermentation. After the processing of the wines, his observations on the manufacture of vinegar and beer, he triumphed over the disease of silkworms and tackled the etiology of virulent and contagious diseases: coal, sepsis, redhead etc. The discovery of virus mitigation and the prophylaxis of rabies were his supreme conquests. His admirable discoveries, the basis of a new science, place him at the forefront of humankind's benefactors. [AWS Translate]

Place Charles de Gaulle, Lille, France where they worked