Pink Floyd
(1965-1995)

group and band

c. 30

Pink Floyd were an English rock band formed in London. They achieved international acclaim with their progressive and psychedelic music. Distinguished by their use of philosophical lyrics, sonic experimentation, extended compositions and elaborate live shows, they are one of the most commercially successful and influential groups in the history of popular music. Pink Floyd were founded in 1965 by students Syd Barrett on guitar and lead vocals, Nick Mason on drums, Roger Waters on bass and vocals, and Richard Wright on keyboards and vocals. They gained popularity performing in London's underground music scene during the late 1960s, and under Barrett's leadership released two charting singles and a successful debut album, The Piper at the Gates of Dawn (1967). Guitarist David Gilmour joined in December 1967; Barrett left in April 1968 due to deteriorating mental health. Waters became the band's primary lyricist and eventually their dominant songwriter, devising the concepts behind their albums The Dark Side of the Moon (1973), Wish You Were Here (1975), Animals (1977), The Wall (1979) and The Final Cut (1983). The Dark Side of the Moon and The Wall became two of the best-selling albums of all time. Following creative tensions, Wright left Pink Floyd in 1979, followed by Waters in 1985. Gilmour and Mason continued as Pink Floyd; Wright rejoined them as a session musician and, later, a band member. The three produced two more albums, A Momentary Lapse of Reason (1987) and The Division Bell (1994), and toured until 1994. After nearly two decades of acrimony, Pink Floyd reunited with Waters in 2005 for a performance in London as part of the global awareness event Live 8, but Gilmour and Waters have since stated they have no plans to reunite as a band again. Barrett died in 2006 and Wright in 2008. The final Pink Floyd studio album, The Endless River (2014), was recorded without Waters and largely based on unreleased material. Pink Floyd were inducted into the American Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1996, and the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2005. By 2013, the band had sold more than 250 million records worldwide, including 75 million certified units in the United States.

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Commemorated on 3 plaques

The Ritz Ballroom was one of four music venues run in the 1950s-60s by the Irish husband & wife team Joe (Pa) & Mary (Ma) Regan. Originally the Ideal Cinema and then a billiards hall, this building was converted into the Ritz Ballroom by the Regans using wood from a previous Royal Yacht Britannia. Most of the famous 1960's pop artists appeared here including:- The Beatles on 15th Februrary 1963, The Rolling Stones on 14th September 1963, The Moody Blues on 28th March 1965, Robert Plant on 24th April 1966, The Kinks on 11th June 1966 and Pink Floyd on 16th December 1967. They were all supported by many local groups such as The Modernaires. The Regans later converted this building into a bingo hall. Joe Regan died in 2004 and Mary in 2008. The Ritz Ballroom Music Heritage Plate No. 1 July 2012

Cash Converters, York Road, Kings Heath, Birmingham, United Kingdom where it played (1967)

Pompey Pop. Site of The Birdcage Club. Rikki Farr originally opened the club at Kimbells on 25th February 1965 and later transferred it to a building that stood on this site in August 1965. The club ran until August 1967. Among bands who appeared here were The Who, The Moody Blues, The Action, Cream, Pink Floyd, Rod Stewart, Jimmy James and the Vagabonds, Geno Washington, David Bowie, Small Faces, Spencer Davis & Georgie Fame 1960s Heritage Site

114 Eastney Road, Portsmouth, United Kingdom where it played

Pink Floyd. Between 1962-1966, Nick Mason, Roger Waters and Richard Wright studied at the Regent Street Polytechnic where they formed the band.

University of Westminster, 35 Marylebone Road, London NW1 5LS, , where it formed