St Jeanne d'Arc
(1412-1431)

woman, Saint, and heroine of France

Died aged 19

Joan of Arc (French: Jeanne d’Arc pronounced [ʒan daʁk]; c. 1412 – 30 May 1431), nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans" (French: La Pucelle d'Orléans) or "Maid of Lorraine" (French: La Pucelle de Lorraine), is considered a heroine of France for her role during the Lancastrian phase of the Hundred Years' War, and was canonized as a saint. She was born to Jacques d'Arc and Isabelle Romée, a peasant family, at Domrémy in the Vosges of northeast France. Joan said that she received visions of the archangel Michael, Saint Margaret, and Saint Catherine of Alexandria instructing her to support Charles VII and recover France from English domination late in the Hundred Years' War. The as-yet-unanointed King Charles VII sent Joan to the siege of Orléans as part of a relief army. She gained prominence after the siege was lifted only nine days later. Several additional swift victories led to Charles VII's consecration at Reims. This long-awaited event boosted French morale and paved the way for the final French victory at Castillon in 1453. On 23 May 1430, she was captured at Compiègne by the Burgundian faction, a group of French nobles allied with the English. She was later handed over to the English and put on trial by the pro-English bishop, Pierre Cauchon, on a variety of charges. After Cauchon declared her guilty, she was burned at the stake on 30 May 1431, dying at about nineteen years of age. In 1456, an inquisitorial court authorized by Pope Callixtus III examined the trial, debunked the charges against her, pronounced her innocent, and declared her a martyr. In the 16th century she became a symbol of the Catholic League, and in 1803 she was declared a national symbol of France by the decision of Napoleon Bonaparte. She was beatified in 1909 and canonized in 1920. Joan of Arc is one of the nine secondary patron saints of France. Joan of Arc has remained a popular figure in literature, painting, sculpture, and other cultural works since the time of her death, and many famous writers, playwrights, filmmakers, artists, and composers have created, and continue to create, cultural depictions of her.

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Commemorated on 18 plaques

Jeanne d'Arc venant de Vaucouleurs entra dans Chinon le Dimanche 6 Mars 1429 par la Porte de Verdun qui s'elevait ici. Cinquieme Centenaire

English translation: Joan of Arc, travelling from Vaucouleurs, entered Chinon on Sunday 6 March 1429 through the Porte de Verdun which rises here. Fifth Centennial.

Rue Haute St-Maurice, Chinon, France where they entered the city

Le 6 Mars 1429 Jeanne d'Arc pour déscendre de cheval mit le pied sur la màrgelle d’un puits banal abrité sous un auvent situe ici au grand Carroi Reconstitution effectuee par les soins de la Societe les Amis du Vieux Chinon

English translation: On the 6th of March 1429 Joan of Arc dismounted her horse with a foot on the coping of a common well shelters under an awning located here at the Grand Carroi Reconstruction performed by the care of the Society of Friends of Old Chinon

Rue de Grand Carroi, Chinon, France where they set foot (1429)

Le Bucher. Emplacement ou Jeanne d'Arc fut brulee le 30 Mai 1431. The location where Joan of Arc was burnt on May 30th 1431. D** S*ell1 an der die Jungfrau von orleans auf 30 Mai 1431 verbranet warde

English translation: The Bucher. Location or Joan of Arc was brutalized on May 30, 1431. The location where Joan of Arc was burnt on May 30th 1431. D** S* ell1 an der die Jungfrau von orleans auf 30 Mai 1431 verbranet warde [AWS Translate]

, Rouen, France where they was burned

Près d'ici le mercredi 20 mai 1431, après le supplice du vieux marché, les cendres de Jeanne D'arc furent jetées dans la Seine du haut de l'ancien pont Mathilde.

English translation: Near by Wednesday, May 20, 1431, after the torment of the old market, the ashes of Jeanne D'arc were thrown into the Seine from the top of the old bridge Mathilde. [AWS Translate]

Pont Boieldieu, Rouen, France where they was scattered (1431)

Jeanne d'Arc conduisant le roi Charles VII à Reims a séjourné dans la ville de Chalons le 14 et 15 juillet 1429. Cinquième centenaire le 14 juillet 1929

English translation: Joan of Arc, bringing King Charles VII to Reims, stayed in the city of Chalons on 14 and 15 July 1429. Fifth Centenary 14 July 1929

, Châlons-en-Champagne, France where they stayed (1429)

Jeanne d'Arc fait sacrer Charles VII à Reims le 17 Juillet 1429 accomplissant ainsi sa mission. Cinquième centenaire.

English translation: Joan of Arc brought Charles VII to his coronation in Reims on 17 July 1429 fulfilling his mission. Fifth centenary.

Place du forum, Reims, France where they was (1429)

Jeanne d'Arc conduisant Charles VII à Reims a été reçue le 10 juillet 1429 dans cette église par les Troyens revenus spontanément à leur roi légitime. Cinquième centenaire 7 Juillet 1929

English translation: Joan of Arc leading Charles VII to Reims was received 10 July 1429 in this church by the Troyens who spontaneously returned to their legitimate king. Fifth Centenary 7 July 1929

, Troyes, France where they was (1429)

Porte Saint-Honoré. Ouverte en 1380 dans l'enceinte de Charles V, la seconde porte Saint-Honoré formait un carré d'un étage flanqué à chaque angle par une tour ronde. Jeanne d'Arc y tenta une offensive, le 8 septembre 1429, pour reprendre Paris aux Anglais. Mais elle eut la cuisse percée d'une flèche, alors qu'elle sondait le fossé rempli d'eau pour le faire combler avec des fagots. Le 19 janvier 1591, Henri IV envoya des soldats déguisés en meuniers se faire ouvrir la porte sous prétexte de ravitailler les Parisiens assiégés : la "journée des farines" fut un échec, les Ligueurs avaient muré la porte. Après l'achèvement de l'enceinte dite de Louis XIII ou des Fossés Jaunes, la porte Saint-Honoré, devenue inutile, fut démolie en 1636.

English translation: Porte Saint-Honoré. Opened in 1380 at Charles V, the second Saint-Honoré gate formed a one-storey square flanked at each corner by a round tower. Jeanne d'Arc attempted an offensive there on 8 Sept. 1429 to take Paris back to the English. But she had the thigh pierced by an arrow, as she probed the ditch filled with water to make it fill with fagots. On 19 Jan. 1591 Henri IV sent soldiers disguised as millers to be opened on the pretext of supplying the besieged Parisians: the “day of flour” was a failure, the Ligueurs had sealed the door. After the completion of the enclosure known as Louis XIII or the Yellow Fossés, the Saint-Honoré gate, which became useless, was demolished in 1636. [AWS Translate]

163 Rue Saint Honoré, Paris, France where they was (1429)

Ici était la tour du château de Philippe Auguste dite plus tard Tour de la Pucelle, Jeanne d'Arc y fut prisonnière du 25 décembre 1430 au 30 mai 1431 jour de son supplice.

English translation: Here was the tower of the castle of Philippe Auguste called later Tower of the Pucelle, Jeanne d'Arc was imprisoned there from 25 December 1430 to 30 May 1431 day of her torment. [AWS Translate]

102 rue Jeanne-d'Arc, Rouen, France where they was imprisoned (1430-1431)

Dans ce palais archiepiscopal le Mardi 29 ai 1421 a été tenue la scéance du procès de Jeanne D'Arc ou elle fut citée a comparaitre lendemain au vieux marche

English translation: In this archiepiscopal palace on Tuesday 29 ai 1421 was held the proceedings of the trial of Jeanne d'Arc where she was summoned to appear next day at the old march [AWS Translate]

2 rue des Bonnetiers, Rouen, France where they tried

1429 - 1929 Jeanne d'Arc fit dans cette église le 7 Septembre 1929 une veillée d'armes avant de donner l'assaut de Paris. Blessée sous ses murs elle fut ramenée à la chapelle Saint Denis. Cinquième centenaire

English translation: 1429 - 1929 Joan of Arc made a vigil of arms in this church on September 7, 1929, before taking the assault of Paris. Wounded under its walls, she was brought back to the chapel of Saint Denis. Fifth centenary

16/18 rue de la Chapelle, Paris, France where they was (1929)

1430-1930 Jeanne d'Arc désirant rendre Paris à la France vient à Lagny fin Mars 1430 "pour que ceux de la place faisoient bonne guerre aux anglois" quitte en mai pour Compiègne la vaillante cité sa première étape vers le bucher de Rouen. Cinquième centenaire

English translation: 1430-1930 Joan of Arc desiring to return Paris to France comes to Lagny at the end of March 1430 “so that those of the square will fight good war against the Anglans” left in May for Compiègne the valiant city his first step towards the Bucher of Rouen. Fifth centenary [AWS Translate]

2 Place de l'Hôtel de Ville, Lagny-sur-Marne, France where they was (1430)

1429-1929 Jeanne d'Arc venant de Reims et se rendant à Paris est passée à Montmirail le premier Août 1429. Cinquième centenaire

English translation: 1429-1929 Joan of Arc coming from Reims and going to Paris passed to Montmirail on the first August 1429. Fifth centenary [AWS Translate]

12 Rue Jeanne d'Arc, Montmirail, France where they was (1429)

1429 - 1929 Jeanne d'Arc retournant de Senlis vers la Loire est venue le 16 Septembre 1429 à la porte de Sens. La garde anglaise ayant refusé le passage, elle franchit l'Yonne à gué un peu au dessous de la ville. Cinquième centenaire

English translation: 1429 - 1929 Joan of Arc returning from Senlis to the Loire came on 16 September 1429 to the Gate of Sens. The English guard refused passage, she crossed the Yonne river a little below the city.

Boulevard Maupéou, Sens, France where they was (1429)

Ici sont les restes de deux tours qui flanquaient l'entrée du Fort des Tourelles Le 7 mai 1429 de cette rive Jeanne d'Arc attaqua ce fort occupé par les Anglais les bouta hors et rentra le soir à Orléans par le pont Le lendemain 8 mai les Anglais levèrent le siège d'Orléans

English translation: Here are the remains of two towers that flanked the entrance to Fort des Tourelles May 7, 1429 on this shore Jeanne d'Arc attacked this fort occupied by the English butted them off and returned in the evening to Orléans by the bridge The next day, May 8 the English lifted the siege of Orléans [AWS Translate]

10 bis Quai du Fort des Tourelles, Orléans, France where they fought (1429)

Dans cette maison reconstituée en 1965, Jeanne d'Arc a été l'hôte de Jacques Boucher, trésorier du Duc d'Orléans, du 29 Avril au 9 Mai 1429

English translation: In this house, rebuilt in 1965, Joan of Arc was the host of Jacques Boucher, treasurer of the Duke of Orléans, from 29 April to 9 May 1429

Maison de Jeanne d'Arc, 3 Place du Général de Gaulle, Orléans, France where they stayed (1429)

1430-1930 Jeanne d'Arc Captive fut enfermée à Arras de la fin de septembre à Novembre 1430. Cinquième centenaire.

English translation: 1430-1930 Joan of Arc Captive was locked in Arras from the end of September to November 1430. Fifth centenary.

13 rue Gambetta, Arras, France where they was imprisoned (1430)

Jeanne d'Arc venant au secours de Compiègne le 23 mai 1430 y livre bataille le même jour. Elle tombe aux mains des ennemis sous les murs de la cité qu'elle ne cessa de chérir. "Puisque Dieu aidera ceux de Compiègne , je veux y être". Cinquième centenaire.

English translation: Joan of Arc coming to the rescue of Compiègne on 23 May 1430, pitched battle there on the same day. She falls into the hands of enemies under the walls of the city, which she never ceased to cherish. “Since God will help those of Compiègne, I want to be there”. Fifth centenary.

Place de l'hôtel de ville, Compiègne, France where they was captured (1430)