Philip Henry Gosse

Died aged c. 78

Philip Henry Gosse FRS (/ɡɒs/; 6 April 1810 – 23 August 1888), known to his friends as Henry, was an English naturalist and populariser of natural science, an early improver of the seawater aquarium, and a painstaking innovator in the study of marine biology. Gosse created and stocked the first public aquarium at the London Zoo in 1853, and coined the term "aquarium" when he published the first manual, The Aquarium: An Unveiling of the Wonders of the Deep Sea, in 1854. His work was the catalyst for an aquarium craze in early Victorian England. Gosse was also the author of Omphalos, an attempt to reconcile the geological ages presupposed by Charles Lyell with the biblical account of creation. After his death, Gosse was portrayed as an overbearing father of uncompromising religious views in Father and Son (1907), a memoir written by his son, Edmund Gosse, a poet and critic, though the son's description of Gosse has since been described as having included "error, distortion...unwarranted claims, misrepresentation" and "abuse of the written record".

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Commemorated on 2 plaques

Here lived Philip Henry Gosse 1810-1888 zoologist Sir Edmund Gosse 1849-1928 writer and critic born here

56 Mortimer Road, Hackney, N1, London, United Kingdom where they lived

Philip Henry Gosse Born April 6th 1810-Died August 23rd 1888 Writer, Naturalist and Zoologist who lived at "Sandhurst" for thirty years (1857-1888)

Manor Road, St Marychurch, Torquay, United Kingdom where they lived