King William III of England

Prince of Orange (1650-1702), King of Scots (1689-1702), and King of England (1689-1702)

Died aged 51

William III (William Henry; Dutch: Willem Hendrik; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702), also widely known as William of Orange, was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from the 1670s and King of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1689 until his death. Popular histories usually refer to his joint reign with his wife, Queen Mary II, as that of William and Mary. As King of Scotland, he is known as William II. He is sometimes informally known as "King Billy" in Ireland and Scotland. His victory at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690 is commemorated by unionists, who display orange colours in his honour. William was the only child of William II, Prince of Orange, who died a week before his birth, and Mary, Princess of Orange, the daughter of King Charles I of England. In 1677, during the reign of his uncle King Charles II of England, he married his cousin Mary, the fifteen-year-old daughter of Charles II's brother James, Duke of York. A Protestant, William participated in several wars against the powerful Catholic King Louis XIV of France, in coalition with both Protestant and Catholic powers in Europe. Many Protestants heralded him as a champion of their faith. In 1685, his Catholic uncle and father-in-law, James, became King of England, Scotland and Ireland. James's reign was unpopular with the Protestant majority in Britain, who feared a revival of Catholicism. Supported by a group of influential British political and religious leaders, William invaded England in what became known as the Glorious Revolution. In 1688, he landed at the south-western English port of Brixham. Shortly afterwards, James was deposed. William's reputation as a staunch Protestant enabled him and his wife to take power. During the early years of his reign, William was occupied abroad with the Nine Years' War (1688–97), leaving Mary to govern the kingdom alone. She died in 1694. In 1696, the Jacobites plotted unsuccessfully to assassinate William and return his father-in-law to the throne. William's lack of children and the death in 1700 of his nephew Prince William, Duke of Gloucester, the son of his sister-in-law Anne, threatened the Protestant succession. The danger was averted by placing distant relatives, the Protestant Hanoverians, in line. Upon his death in 1702, the king was succeeded in Britain by Anne and as titular Prince of Orange by his cousin, John William Friso.

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Commemorated on 8 plaques

Anthony Volante on Geograph
Albert Bridge on Wikimedia Commons
Albert Bridge on Geograph
John Levin on Flickr
Stuart Allen on Wikimedia Commons
Rosemary Jewers on Wikimedia Commons
Bill Nicholls on Geograph
Dcs57 on Wikimedia Commons

Site of West Gate. Successfully defended against the rebel attacks in 1549, William Prince of Orange with his army entered the city in 1688 through this gate which was removed in 1815.

West Street, Exeter, United Kingdom where they with his army entered the city through this gate (1688)

To commemorate the landing of King William III at this pier on 14th. June 1690

Harbour, Carrickfergus, United Kingdom where they landed (1690)

6 feet south east of this slab the Regium Donum was signed by King William III of glorious memory to the Presbyterian Body which they were deprived of by ?? 1869

Hillsborough fort, Co Down, Hillsborough, United Kingdom where they visited

WR III Rotten Row The King's Old Road completed 1690. This ride originally formed part of King William III's carriage drive from Whitehall to Kensington Palace. Its construction was supervised by the surveyor of their Majesties roads Captain Michael Studholme and it was the first lamp-lit road in the Kingdom. Designated as a public bridleway in the 1730's, Rotten Row is one of the most famous urban riding grounds in the world. ER II 1990

Hyde Park, London, United Kingdom where they visited

The Royal Hotel. Late 18th Century Grade II listed building. Until at least 1817, it was known as The White Hart Inn. According to tradition, Prince William of Orange once stayed here, after which it became known as The Royal Hotel.

The Royal pub, High Street, Runcorn, United Kingdom where they stayed

This mansion, built about 1690, was the residence of Sir Isaac Rebow, B. 1655; D, Sept. 19, 1726. M.P. for Colchester 1692-1722 High Steward of the Borough; Recorder, 1723-1726; Mayor, 1716-7. Knighted, March 27, 1693, by King William III, who thrice visited this house viz., on March 27, 1693; Oct. 29, 1693; Oct. 19, 1700.

No. 62 Head Street, Colchester, United Kingdom where they visited (1693), visited (1693), and visited (1700)

William III stayed here with Thomas Medlycott, recorder of Abingdon, on December 11th 1688 when on his way from Torbay to London.

39 E St Helen St, Abingdon, United Kingdom where they was

WILLIAM AND MARY On the 7th December 1688 William of Orange arrived at The Bear on his march from Torbay to London meeting here on the morning of the 8th James II's Commissioners Lords Halifax Godolphin and Nottingham HUNGERFORD CELEBRATION 1688-1988

41 Charnham St, Hungerford, United Kingdom where they stayed (1688)