King Henry IV of England

King of England (1399-1413)

Died aged c. 47

Henry IV (April 1367 – 20 March 1413) was King of England from 1399 to 1413. He asserted the claim of his grandfather King Edward III, a maternal grandson of Philip IV of France, to the Kingdom of France. Henry was the first English ruler since the Norman Conquest whose mother tongue was English rather than French. Known as Henry Bolingbroke () before taking the throne, he was the son of Edward III's fourth son, John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, and Blanche, the daughter of the nobleman Henry, Duke of Lancaster. John of Gaunt enjoyed a position of considerable influence during much of the reign of Henry IV's first cousin, King Richard II. Henry was involved in the revolt of the Lords Appellant against Richard in 1388. He was later exiled by the king. After John of Gaunt died in 1399, the king did not allow Henry to inherit Gaunt's duchy. That year, Henry rallied a group of supporters, overthrew and imprisoned Richard II, and took the throne. As king, Henry faced a number of rebellions. Owain Glyndŵr, the self-proclaimed ruler of Wales, revolted against the king. Henry IV defeated Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, at the Battle of Shrewsbury in 1403. The king had poor health in the latter part of his reign, and his eldest son, Henry of Monmouth, assumed the reins of government in 1410. Henry IV died in 1413, and was succeeded by his son.

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Commemorated on 1 plaque

SMJ on Geograph

In 1408 the Chapel of Our Lady of the Crag was excavated by John the Mason traditionally in thanksgiving for his young son being miraculously saved from falling rock. Permission for the shrine was granted by King Henry IV.

30 Abbey Road, Knaresborough, United Kingdom where they granted permission for the shrine