King James IV

King of Scots (1488-1513)

Died aged 40

James IV (17 March 1473 – 9 September 1513) was King of Scotland from 11 June 1488 until his death in battle in 1513. He assumed the throne following the death of his father King James III (r. 1460–1488) at the Battle of Sauchieburn, a rebellion in which the younger James played an indirect role. He is generally regarded as the most successful of the Stewart monarchs of Scotland, but his reign ended in a disastrous defeat at the Battle of Flodden. He was the last monarch from Great Britain to be killed in battle. James IV's marriage in 1503 to Margaret Tudor linked the royal houses of Scotland and England. It led to the Union of the Crowns in 1603, when Elizabeth I died without heirs and James IV's great-grandson James VI succeeded to the English throne as James I.

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Family tree

Commemorated on 1 plaque

Stanley Howe on Geograph

On August 22nd 1513, the largest army ever mustered in Scotland crossed the fords in the River Tweed here at Coldstream and downstream at Lenne in support of France against Henry VIII of England. The auld enemies met in battle at Flodden Field on the 9th September 1513. The resulting battle ended in disastrous defeat for Scotland, whereby King James IV, almost the entire nobility of Scotland, and 10,000 men at arms perished at the hands of the Earl of Surrey's English army.

?, Coldstream, United Kingdom where they died (1513)