William Ewart Gladstone

Died aged c. 89

William Ewart Gladstone FRS FSS (/ˈɡlædstən/; 29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898) was a British statesman and Liberal politician. In a career lasting over 60 years, he served for 12 years as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, spread over four non-consecutive terms beginning in 1868 and ending in 1894. He also served as Chancellor of the Exchequer four times, serving over 12 years. Gladstone was born in Liverpool to Scottish parents. He first entered the House of Commons in 1832, beginning his political career as a High Tory, a grouping which became the Conservative Party under Robert Peel in 1834. Gladstone served as a minister in both of Peel's governments, and in 1846 joined the breakaway Peelite faction, which eventually merged into the new Liberal Party in 1859. He was chancellor under Lord Aberdeen (1852–1855), Lord Palmerston (1859–1865) and Lord Russell (1865–1866). Gladstone's own political doctrine—which emphasised equality of opportunity and opposition to trade protectionism—came to be known as Gladstonian liberalism. His popularity amongst the working-class earned him the sobriquet "The People's William". In 1868, Gladstone became prime minister for the first time. Many reforms were passed during his first ministry, including the disestablishment of the Church of Ireland and the introduction of secret voting. After electoral defeat in 1874, Gladstone resigned as leader of the Liberal Party. From 1876 he began a comeback based on opposition to the Ottoman Empire's reaction to the Bulgarian April Uprising. His Midlothian Campaign of 1879–80 was an early example of many modern political campaigning techniques. After the 1880 general election, Gladstone formed his second ministry (1880–1885), which saw the passage of the Third Reform Act as well as crises in Egypt (culminating in the Fall of Khartoum) and Ireland, where his government passed repressive measures but also improved the legal rights of Irish tenant farmers. Back in office in early 1886, Gladstone proposed home rule for Ireland but was defeated in the House of Commons. The resulting split in the Liberal Party helped keep them out of office—with one short break—for 20 years. Gladstone formed his last government in 1892, at the age of 82. The Government of Ireland Bill 1893 passed through the Commons but was defeated in the House of Lords in 1893, after which Irish Home Rule became a lesser part of his party's agenda. Gladstone left office in March 1894, aged 84, as both the oldest person to serve as Prime Minister and the only prime minister to have served four non-consecutive terms. He left Parliament in 1895 and died three years later. Gladstone was known affectionately by his supporters as "The People's William" or the "G.O.M." ("Grand Old Man", or, to political rivals "God's Only Mistake"). Historians often call him one of Britain's greatest leaders.

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Family tree

Commemorated on 9 plaques

William Ewart Gladstone (1809-1898) statesman lived here

11 Carlton House Terrace, London, United Kingdom where they lived

Here lived three Prime Ministers: William Pitt Earl of Chatham 1708-1778 Edward Geoffrey Stanley Earl of Derby 1799-1869 William Ewart Gladstone 1809-1898

Chatham House, 10 St James's Square, Westminster, SW1, London, United Kingdom where they lived

In a house on this site lived from 1854-1875 Sir Charles Lyell 1797-1875 geologist,and from 1876-1882 William Ewart Gladstone 1809-1898 statesman

73 Harley Street, Westminster, W1, London, United Kingdom where they lived

William Ewart Gladstone 1809-1898 often stayed at this hotel then known as Lion Mansions Hotel

Royal Albion Hotel (facing sea), Brighton, United Kingdom where they stayed

Felled by the Right Hon W. E. GladstoneMay 11th 1875

Tunnel Road, Nottingham, United Kingdom where they felled a tree

Gladstone four times prime minister born in this house 29th December 1809

62 Rodney Street, Liverpool, United Kingdom where they was born (1809)

On this site the Rt Hon W. E. Gladstone delivered his last speech to his Greenwich constituents November 30th 1878

Eglinton Road School, Paget Rise, Plumstead, London, United Kingdom where they spoke (1878)

The Isla Gladstone Conservatory Stanley Park This conservatory was completed in 1900, constructed of cast iron and wrought iron with direct, elegant lines at the foundry of Mackenzie & Moncur in Edinburgh. Popular for its year-round floral displays until World War II, the Conservatory fell into disrepair in the 1950s and was re-built in 2009 with the added lower level. On opening it was named 'The Gladstone Conservatory' to honour William Ewart Gladstone, citizen of Liverpool and Liberal Prime Minister of Great Britain four times in the 19th Century. In re-building for the 21st Century it was re-named as a tribute to the women of Liverpool and to the memory of Isla Gladstone, 20th century designer, gardener and student at Liverpool.

Anfield Road, Liverpool, United Kingdom where they was

"Clinton Arms" Hotel known as the "Cardinals Hat" in the 14th and 15th centuries and as The Kings Arms during the 16th to early 19th centuries. Lord Byron stayed in this building during 1806 and 1807 when two volumes of his poems were being printed in Newark. W. E. Gladstone addressed Newark electors from a window in this hotel when returned as Conservative MP in 1832. An important posting inn during coaching days.

Market Place, Newark-on-Trent, United Kingdom where they spoke (1832)