William Ewart Gladstone

Died aged c. 89

William Ewart Gladstone, FRS, FSS (/ˈɡlædˌstən/; 29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898) was a British Liberal politician. In a career lasting over sixty years, he served as Prime Minister four separate times (1868–74, 1880–85, February–July 1886 and 1892–94), more than any other person, and served as Chancellor of the Exchequer four times. Gladstone was also Britain's oldest Prime Minister; he resigned for the final time when he was 84 years old. Gladstone first entered Parliament in 1832. Beginning as a High Tory, Gladstone served in the Cabinet of Sir Robert Peel. After the split of the Conservatives Gladstone was a Peelite – in 1859 the Peelites merged with the Whigs and the Radicals to form the Liberal Party. As Chancellor Gladstone became committed to low public spending and to electoral reform, earning him the sobriquet "The People's William". Gladstone's first ministry saw many reforms including the disestablishment of the Church of Ireland and the introduction of secret voting. After his electoral defeat in 1874, Gladstone resigned as leader of the Liberal Party, but from 1876 began a comeback based on opposition to Turkey's reaction to the Bulgarian April Uprising. Gladstone's Midlothian Campaign of 1879–80 was an early example of many modern political campaigning techniques. After the 1880 election, he formed his second ministry, which saw crises in Egypt (culminating in the death of General Gordon in 1885), and in Ireland, where the government passed repressive measures but also improved the legal rights of Irish tenant farmers. The government also passed the Third Reform Act. Back in office in early 1886, Gladstone proposed Irish home rule but this was defeated in the House of Commons in July. The resulting split in the Liberal Party helped keep them out of office, with one short break, for twenty years. In 1892 Gladstone formed his last government at the age of 82. The Second Irish Home Rule Bill passed the Commons but was defeated in the Lords in 1893. Gladstone resigned in March 1894, in opposition to increased naval expenditure. He left Parliament in 1895 and died three years later aged 88. Gladstone is famous for his oratory, his religiosity, his liberalism, his rivalry with the Conservative Leader Benjamin Disraeli, and for his poor relations with Queen Victoria, who once complained, "He always addresses me as if I were a public meeting." Gladstone was known affectionately by his supporters as "The People's William" or the "G.O.M." ("Grand Old Man," or, according to Disraeli, "God's Only Mistake"). Gladstone is consistently ranked as one of Britain's greatest Prime Ministers.

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Commemorated on 8 plaques

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William Ewart Gladstone (1809-1898) statesman lived here

11 Carlton House Terrace, London, United Kingdom where they lived

Here lived three Prime Ministers: William Pitt Earl of Chatham 1708-1778 Edward Geoffrey Stanley Earl of Derby 1799-1869 William Ewart Gladstone 1809-1898

Chatham House, 10 St James's Square, Westminster, SW1, London, United Kingdom where they lived

In a house on this site lived from 1854-1875 Sir Charles Lyell 1797-1875 geologist,and from 1876-1882 William Ewart Gladstone 1809-1898 statesman

73 Harley Street, Westminster, W1, London, United Kingdom where they lived

William Ewart Gladstone 1809-1898 often stayed at this hotel then known as Lion Mansions Hotel

Royal Albion Hotel (facing sea), Brighton, United Kingdom where they stayed

Felled by the Right Hon W. E. GladstoneMay 11th 1875

Tunnel Road, Nottingham, United Kingdom where they felled a tree

Gladstone four times prime minister born in this house 29th December 1809

62 Rodney Street, Liverpool, United Kingdom where they was born (1809)

On this site the Rt Hon W. E. Gladstone delivered his last speech to his Greenwich constituents November 30th 1878

Eglinton Road School, SE18, London, United Kingdom where they spoke (1878)

The Isla Gladstone Conservatory Stanley Park This conservatory was completed in 1900, constructed of cast iron and wrought iron with direct, elegant lines at the foundry of Mackenzie & Moncur in Edinburgh. Popular for its year-round floral displays until World War II, the Conservatory fell into disrepair in the 1950s and was re-built in 2009 with the added lower level. On opening it was named 'The Gladstone Conservatory' to honour William Ewart Gladstone, citizen of Liverpool and Liberal Prime Minister of Great Britain four times in the 19th Century. In re-building for the 21st Century it was re-named as a tribute to the women of Liverpool and to the memory of Isla Gladstone, 20th century designer, gardener and student at Liverpool.

Anfield Road, Liverpool, United Kingdom where they was