Voltaire
(1694-1778)

Died aged c. 84

François-Marie Arouet (French: [fʁɑ̃.swa ma.ʁi aʁ.wɛ]; 21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire (/voʊlˈtɛər/; French: [vɔl.tɛːʁ]), was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of speech, and separation of church and state. Voltaire was a versatile writer, producing works in almost every literary form, including plays, poems, novels, essays, and historical and scientific works. He wrote more than 20,000 letters and more than 2,000 books and pamphlets. He was an outspoken advocate of civil liberties, despite the risk this placed him in under the strict censorship laws of the time. As a satirical polemicist, he frequently made use of his works to criticize intolerance, religious dogma, and the French institutions of his day.

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Commemorated on 4 plaques

Photo of Voltaire green plaque
Spudgun67 on Wikimedia Commons
Photo of Voltaire marble plaque
Monceau on Flickr
Photo of Voltaire marble plaque
Monceau on Flickr
Photo of Francesco Procopio dei Coltelli, Jean de La Fontaine, Voltaire, Benjamin Franklin, and 9 other
Monceau on Flickr

Voltaire 1694-1778 French philosopher and satirist lodged in a house on this site 1727-1728

10 Maiden Lane WC2, London, United Kingdom where he lodged (1727-1728)

Café Procope fondé en 1686 Durant la Révolution il devint le café Zoppi et fut le théatre d'evenements historiques. Marat y venait en voisin et le Club des Cordeliers s'y réunissait. Les mots d'ordre de l'attaque des Tuileries des 20 Juin et 16 Aout 1792 partirent du Procope. Hebert y Fracassa le Marbre du Bureau de Voltaire dans une harangue enflamée et le bonnet phrygien y fut porté pour la premier fois.

Café Procope founded in 1686 During the Revolution he became the Zoppi coffee shop and was the theatre of historical events. Marat was there next door and the Club des Cordeliers was meeting there. The order of the attack on the Tuileries of 20 June and 16 August 1792 came from the Procope. Hebert y Fracassa the Marble of Voltaire's Office in a fiery harangue and the phrygian cap was worn there for the first time. [AWS Translate]

13 rue de l'Ancienne Comédie, Paris, France where he was

Voltaire né a Paris le 21 novembre 1694 est mort dans cette maison le 30 mai 1778

Voltaire, born in Paris November 21 1694, died in this house May 30 1778

27 quai Voltaire, Paris, France where he died (1778)

Café Procope. Ici Procopio dei Coltelli fonda en 1686 le plus ancien café du monde et le plus célèbre centre de la vie littéraire et philosophique au 18e et au 19e siècles. Il fut fréquenté par La Fontaine, Voltaire, les Encyclopédistes, Benjamin Franklin, Danton, Marat, Robespierre, Napoléon Bonaparte, Balzac, Victor Hugo, Gambetta, Verlaine et Anatole France.

Café Procope. Here Procopio dei Coltelli founded in 1686 the oldest café in the world and the most famous center of philosophical and literary life in the 18th and 19th centuries. It was visited by La Fontaine, Voltaire, Les Encyclopédistes, Benjamin Franklin, Danton, Marat, Robespierre, Napoléon Bonaparte, Balzac, Victor Hugo, Gambetta, Verlaine and Anatole France.

13 rue de l'Ancienne Comédie, Paris, France where he visited