Queen Elizabeth I of England
(1533-1603)

woman and Queen of England (1558-1603)

Died aged c. 70

("Elizabeth I", "Elizabeth of England", and "Elizabeth Tudor" redirect here. For other uses, see Elizabeth I (disambiguation), Elizabeth of England (disambiguation), and Elizabeth Tudor (disambiguation).) Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. Sometimes called The Virgin Queen, Gloriana or Good Queen Bess, the childless Elizabeth was the fifth and last monarch of the Tudor dynasty. Elizabeth was the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, his second wife, who was executed two and a half years after Elizabeth's birth. Anne's marriage to Henry VIII was annulled, and Elizabeth was declared illegitimate. Her half-brother, Edward VI, ruled until his death in 1553, bequeathing the crown to Lady Jane Grey and ignoring the claims of his two half-sisters, Elizabeth and the Roman Catholic Mary, in spite of statute law to the contrary. Edward's will was set aside and Mary became queen, deposing Lady Jane Grey. During Mary's reign, Elizabeth was imprisoned for nearly a year on suspicion of supporting Protestant rebels. In 1558, Elizabeth succeeded her half-sister to the throne and set out to rule by good counsel. She depended heavily on a group of trusted advisers, led by William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley. One of her first actions as queen was the establishment of an English Protestant church, of which she became the Supreme Governor. This Elizabethan Religious Settlement was to evolve into the Church of England. It was expected that Elizabeth would marry and produce an heir to continue the Tudor line. She never did, despite numerous courtships. As she grew older, Elizabeth became famous for her virginity. A cult grew around her which was celebrated in the portraits, pageants, and literature of the day. In government, Elizabeth was more moderate than her father and half-siblings had been. One of her mottoes was "video et taceo" ("I see but say nothing"). In religion, she was relatively tolerant and avoided systematic persecution. After the pope declared her illegitimate in 1570 and released her subjects from obedience to her, several conspiracies threatened her life, all of which were defeated with the help of her ministers' secret service. Elizabeth was cautious in foreign affairs, manoeuvring between the major powers of France and Spain. She only half-heartedly supported a number of ineffective, poorly resourced military campaigns in the Netherlands, France, and Ireland. By the mid-1580s, England could no longer avoid war with Spain. England's defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588 associated Elizabeth with one of the greatest military victories in English history. Elizabeth's reign is known as the Elizabethan era. The period is famous for the flourishing of English drama, led by playwrights such as William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe, and for the seafaring prowess of English adventurers such as Francis Drake. Some historians depict Elizabeth as a short-tempered, sometimes indecisive ruler, who enjoyed more than her share of luck. Towards the end of her reign, a series of economic and military problems weakened her popularity. Elizabeth is acknowledged as a charismatic performer and a dogged survivor in an era when government was ramshackle and limited, and when monarchs in neighbouring countries faced internal problems that jeopardised their thrones. Such was the case with Elizabeth's rival, Mary, Queen of Scots, whom she imprisoned in 1568 and had executed in 1587. After the short reigns of Elizabeth's half-siblings, her 44 years on the throne provided welcome stability for the kingdom and helped forge a sense of national identity.

DbPedia
Wikidata Wikipedia

Family tree

Commemorated on 11 plaques

George Hotel Late medieval inn Queen Elizabeth I was received here in 1573

Stone Street, Cranbrook, United Kingdom where she was received (1573)

Here stood Faversham's second guildhall. In use from 1546 to 1603. When Queen Elizabeth I visited it in 1573 she was given a civic banquet at a cost of £27.2s- equivalent to about £5000 today.

Faversham's second guildhall, Court Street, Faversham, United Kingdom where she visited (1573)

Site of Elsynge Hall in which stayed Edward VI and Elizabeth I as children

On excavation site, Forty Hall estate, Enfield, London, United Kingdom where she stayed

The site of Tyburn Manor House c. 1250 - 1791 Used by Henry VIII and Elizabeth I as a hunting lodge

Marylebone High Street, London, United Kingdom where she used as a hunting lodge

The Crown Inn Near here formerly stood this most famous of Rochester inns. Built before 1316 its landlord was Simon Potyn. Ann of Cleeves, Queen Mary Tudor, King Philip of Spain, Queen Elizabeth, and King Charles I. stayed here

Gundulph Sq, Rochester, United Kingdom where she stayed

On this site was built the Davies Amphitheatre 1662-1682 the last bear-baiting ring of Bankside visited by Samuel Pepys and John Evelyn. To the north from mid 16th century was the Bear Gardens, a bear-baiting ring visited by Queen Elizabeth I and replaced by The Hope Playhouse 1614-1656, built for plays and bear-baiting where Ben Jonson's play 'Bartholomew Fair' was first performed

Bear Gardens, SE1, London, United Kingdom where she visited

The Mitre Built in the 1500s, The Mitre is renowned for having the remains of a fruit tree growing in the front bar that is said a young Elizabeth I and Sir Christopher Hatton danced around to celebrate May Day

1 Ely Court, Farringdon, EC1N 6SJ, London, United Kingdom where she was

Sandgate Castle. Commissioned for Henry VIII. Built 1539. Queen Elizabeth I rested here 28 August 1575. Queen Victoria and the Prince Consort visited 9 August 1855.

Castle Road, Sandgate, United Kingdom where she was

The Free Grammar School of Elizabeth Queen of England founded 1585

Old Grammar School - Church Street, Ashbourne, United Kingdom where she founded a school (1584)

This gateway is the only remaining portion of the Whitefriars 1285-1539. Richard II held a council and lodged here in 1392. Queen Elizabeth was entertained here in 1565 by the Lord Treasurer Burghley

Uffington Road, Stamford, United Kingdom where she was entertained (1565)

This Castle and lands adjoining were very generously given to the people of Kenilworth by the Rt. Hon Cyril Davenport, Baron Kenilworth, C.B.E., T.D., who handed the deeds of the freehold to the Chairman of the Urban District Council of Kenilworth, Mr. Councillor Leonard Smalley, J.P., M.B., on the 11th day of November, 1958, The 400th anniversary of the accession of Queen Elizabeth I to the throne of England.

Near the Great Hall - Kenilworth Castle, Kenilworth, United Kingdom where she commemorated on the 400th anniversary of the accession (1958)