Richard Trevithick

Died aged c. 62

Richard Trevithick (13 April 1771 – 22 April 1833) was a British inventor and mining engineer from Cornwall, England. Born in the mining heartland of Cornwall, Trevithick was immersed in mining and engineering from an early age. The son of a mining captain, he performed poorly in school, but went on to be an early pioneer of steam-powered road and rail transport. His most significant contribution was the development of the first high-pressure steam engine. He also built the first full-scale working railway steam locomotive. On 21 February 1804 the world's first locomotive-hauled railway journey took place as Trevithick's unnamed steam locomotive hauled a train along the tramway of the Penydarren Ironworks, in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales. Turning his interests abroad, Trevithick also worked as a mining consultant in Peru and later explored parts of Costa Rica. Throughout his professional career, he went through many ups and downs, and at one point faced financial ruin, also suffering from the strong rivalry of many mining and steam engineers of the day. During the prime of his career, he was a well-respected and known figure in mining and engineering, but near the end of his life he fell out of the public eye.

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Family tree

Commemorated on 5 plaques

Richard Trevithick [full inscription unknown]

Holy Trinity Church, Overy Liberty, Dartford, United Kingdom where they was

Richard Trevithick 1771-1833 Pioneering engineer and inventor of the world's first steam powered railway locomotive, lodged at this hotel from 1831-1833. He died here on 22 April 1833 after a short illness and is buried in the town

The Royal Victoria and Bull Hotel, 1 High Street, Dartford, United Kingdom where they lodged and died (1833)

Richard Trevithick Approximately 25ft. from this wall lie the remains of Richard Trevithick the great engineer and pioneer of high pressure steam. He died at the Bull Inn Dartford and was carried here by his fellow workers of Halls Engineering Works to a paupers grave Born Illogan Cornwall April 13th 1771 Died Dartford Kent April 22nd 1833

Upper Burial Ground, East Hill, Dartford, United Kingdom where they lies

This is the original White Hart Hotel, built by Henry Harvey in 1824 with his sister Jane as mine host. Jane was married to Richard Trevithick the Cornish engineering genius and inventor who lived here between his visits abroad to sell and maintain his pumping engines

The White Hart Hotel, Foundry Square, Hayle, United Kingdom where they lived

Close to this place Richard Trevithick, born 1771-died 1833, pioneer of high pressure steam, ran in the year 1808 the first steam locomotive to draw passengers.

UCL Student Centre, Gower Street, London, United Kingdom where they ran the first steam locomotive to draw passengers (1808)