Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Hardy GCB 1st Baronet

Died aged c. 70

Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Masterman Hardy, 1st Baronet GCB (5 April 1769 – 20 September 1839) was a Royal Navy officer. He took part in the Battle of Cape St Vincent in February 1797, the Battle of the Nile in August 1798 and the Battle of Copenhagen in April 1801 during the French Revolutionary Wars. He served as flag captain to Admiral Lord Nelson, and commanded HMS Victory at the Battle of Trafalgar in October 1805 during the Napoleonic Wars. Nelson was shot as he paced the decks with Hardy, and as he lay dying, Nelson's famous remark of "Kiss me, Hardy" was directed at him. Hardy went on to become First Naval Lord in November 1830 and in that capacity refused to become a Member of Parliament and encouraged the introduction of steam warships.

Wikidata Wikipedia

Commemorated on 3 plaques

Here reputedly lived Admiral Sir T. M. Hardy Bart. GCB born 1769 Captain of the Fleet at Trafalgar 1805 and witness to Nelson's immortal dying words aboard H.M.S. Victory 'Kiss Me Hardy' First Sea Lord 1830-1834 Governor Greenwich Hospital 1834 Died 1839

156 Durnford Street, Plymouth, United Kingdom where he lived

Church Hall, Abbey Street. Dating from 1636, this Jacobian-style building housed the Crewkerne Grammar School founded by John de Combe in 1499. Captain Thomas Hardy, Nelson’s flag-captain, was a pupil here. When the school moved to Mount Pleasant in 1882, it became the Church Hall.

Church Hall, Abbey Street, Crewkerne, United Kingdom where he attended school

Admiral Thomas Hardy 05 April 1769 - 20 September 1839 Hardy was born on 5th April 1769 in Portisham, Dorset. He first entered the navy in 1781 on board the brig, HMS Helena. He remained with the ship for a short period after which, in 1782, he left the navy to attend school for three years. He joined the merchant navy for some years and in 1790, decided to rejoin the Royal Navy. His first appointment as midshipman was with HMS Hebe. He was later transferred to the sloop, HMS Tisphone, and followed the Captain, Anthony Hunt, when he was transferred to HMS Amphitrite in 1793. In November of that year, he was promoted to Lieutenant and appointed to HMS Meleager. This ship was part of a squadron off the coast of Genoa under the command of Captain Horatio Nelson. In August 1796, Hardy transferred to HMS Minerve with Captain Cockburn. At the end of the year, Nelson transferred to the Sabina, Hardy, along with Lieutenant Culverhouse, was in charge of a boarding party sent to claim her as a prize after her capture. They managed to draw off the rest of the Spanish squadron, but the ship was later re-captured after one of her masts was destroyed and Hardy was taken prisoner along with the rest of the boarding party. He was later repatriated with the Minerve at Gibraltar after an exchange of prisoners, which included the Captain of the Sabina. Captain Nelson was warm in praise of the actions of his lieutenants in this action. Shortly after rejoining his ship, Hardy was nearly captured again by the Spanish when he jumped overboard to save a seaman who was drowning after falling out of one of the boats. The current had carried them towards the lead ship of the Spanish squadron in the Gibraltar Straits. Nelson took instant action by ordering shorten their sail and stand off. Hardy and the seaman were rescued. A few days later, the ship had joined the British fleet and took part in the battle of Cape St Vincent on 14 February 1797. In the following Maym HMSs Minerve and Lively were patrolling around the bay of Santa Cruz and found a French brig, the Mutine. On the 29th, longboats from the two ships were sent to capture it under Hardy's command. It was successful and Hardy was appointed to command of the prize by Admiral Jervis. He also was promoted to Commander. Hardy went to the Mediterranean with Nelson, who had been appointed Commander in Chief. In July 1803, Nelson transferred to HMS Victory and Hardy joined him to resume his position as Flag Captain.During the following months and years, the ship was kept busy with the blockade of Toulon and continuing pursuit of the Franco-Spanish fleet across the Atlantic. Hardy, along with Captain Blackwood, witnessed Nelson's last will and during the battle of Trafalgar on October 21st 1805, was walking along side his Commander in chief when a French spiner fatally shot Nelson. As Nelson's Chief of Staff, he remained on duty during the remainder of the battle while keeping his dying friend and Commabder informed of the proceedings. In recognition for these services, he was created a baronet. He played a major part in the state funeral of Nelson on 9 January 1806 at St Paul's Cathedral. Hardy was decorated as a Knight Commander of the Order of Bath in January 1815 and returned to Britain in June of that year. On his return, he was appointed to command the Royal Yacht Princess Augusta. He served on her for three years. In August 1819, he was promoted to Commodore and appointed as Commander in Chief for the South American station. He transferred his flag to HMS Superb and his services during the war of independence that was being fought in the former Spanish colonies won him praise from the Admiralty. He eventually returned to Britain in 1824. In 1830, he was appointed as First Sea Lord at the Admiralty. He retained this post until 1834. During this period, he was appointed as Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Bath. At the end of his period as First Sea Lord, he was appointed as Governor of Greenwich Hospital. During his time as Governor, he introduced many changes to improve the lives of the pensioners. He was promoted as Vice Admiral in January 1837. Hardy died on 20th September 1839 and was buried in the mausoleum in the grounds of Greenwich Hospital. His wife and daughters survived him, but as he had no male heirs, his baronetcy became extinct.

The Admiral Hardy, 7 College Approach, Greenwich, London, United Kingdom where he is commemorated