Dame Florence Nightingale OM RRC DStJ
(1820-1910)

Died aged 90

(For other uses, see Florence Nightingale (disambiguation).)("The Lady with the Lamp" redirects here. For the 1951 film, see The Lady with a Lamp.) Florence Nightingale, OM, RRC (/ˈflɒrəns ˈnaɪtᵻŋɡeɪl/; 12 May 1820 – 13 August 1910) was an English social reformer and statistician, and the founder of modern nursing. She came to prominence while serving as a manager of nurses trained by her during the Crimean War, where she organised the tending to wounded soldiers. She gave nursing a highly favourable reputation and became an icon of Victorian culture, especially in the persona of "The Lady with the Lamp" making rounds of wounded soldiers at night. Some recent commentators have asserted Nightingale's achievements in the Crimean War were exaggerated by the media at the time, to satisfy the public's need for a hero. Nevertheless, critics agree on the decisive importance of her follow-up achievements in professionalising nursing roles for women. In 1860, Nightingale laid the foundation of professional nursing with the establishment of her nursing school at St Thomas' Hospital in London. It was the first secular nursing school in the world, now part of King's College London. In recognition of her pioneering work in nursing, the Nightingale Pledge taken by new nurses, and the Florence Nightingale Medal, the highest international distinction a nurse can achieve, were named in her honour, and the annual International Nurses Day is celebrated around the world on her birthday. Her social reforms include improving healthcare for all sections of British society, advocating better hunger relief in India, helping to abolish prostitution laws that were over-harsh to women, and expanding the acceptable forms of female participation in the workforce. Nightingale was a prodigious and versatile writer. In her lifetime, much of her published work was concerned with spreading medical knowledge. Some of her tracts were written in simple English so that they could easily be understood by those with poor literary skills. She also helped popularise the graphical presentation of statistical data. Much of her writing, including her extensive work on religion and mysticism, has only been published posthumously.

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Commemorated on 7 plaques

In a house on this site Florence Nightingale 1820-1910 lived and died

10 South Street, London, United Kingdom where they lived and died (1910)

Florence Nightingale left her hospital on this site for the Crimea October 21st 1854

90 Harley Street, London, United Kingdom where they worked

Ricordiamo il grande cuore di Florence Nightingale la "signora dalla lampada" qui nata il 12 maggio 1820 che dagli strazi della guerra e dall'eroica dedizione d'enfermiera trasse determinazione a creare il servizio di assistenza sanitaria degno di un mondo civile

Villa Colombaia, Via Imprunetana per Tavarnuzze, Bagnolo, Florence, Italy where they was born (1820)

Florence Nightingale [full inscription unknown]

The Nightingale Lodge, 1 Princes Road, Liverpool, United Kingdom where they worked

Florence Nightingale [full inscription unknown]

Abbey Road, Malvern, United Kingdom where they visited

Florence Nightingale. Florence Nightingale visited Harrogate in 1852, in company with her aunt, staying in this York Place house then occupied by Mrs Wright's lodgings. She went on to improve the wretched hospital conditions of British soldiers in the Crimea, reform medical and sanitary standards and raise the quality and status of nursing.

York Place, Harrogate, United Kingdom where they was (1852)

Florence Nightingale 1820-1910, Lived at nearby Lea Hurst. Heroine of the Crimean War, reformer of army medical services, pioneer of public healthcare and founder of the nursing profession.

Florence Nightingale Memorial Village Hall, Mill Lane, Holloway, United Kingdom where they lived near